Energies 2013, 6(10), 5157-5167; doi:10.3390/en6105157
Article

Effects of High EGR Rate on Dimethyl Ether (DME) Combustion and Pollutant Emission Characteristics in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine

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Received: 13 August 2013; in revised form: 14 September 2013 / Accepted: 30 September 2013 / Published: 14 October 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This study investigated the effects of high exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rates on dimethyl ether (DME) fuel combustion performance, exhaust emissions and particle emission characteristics in a small direct injection diesel engine under various injection timings. To examine the effect of EGR and injection timings, the experiment was performed under high EGR rates (0%, 30%, 50%) and injection timings were varied from 40° before top dead center (BTDC) to top dead center (TDC) of the crank angle to examine the effects of early injection of DME fuel. The combustion pressures and heat release rates for different EGR rates followed similar trends. As the injection timing was advanced, the indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) differed little in response to EGR rate in the range from TDC to 25° BTDC, and more for crank angles beyond 25° BTDC. DME combustion exhibited very little soot emission, but soot emission increased slightly with EGR rate. The use of high EGR during combustion produced very low NOx concentrations but increased HC and CO emissions for advanced injection timings from 25° BTDC to 40° BTDC. The use of EGR increased both the emissions of total particle number and particle volume over the whole range of the injection timings; for all cases, total particle volume decreased as injection timing was advanced.
Keywords: dimethyl ether; alternative fuel; combustion characteristics; exhaust gas recirculation; particle emission
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoon, S.H.; Han, S.C.; Lee, C.S. Effects of High EGR Rate on Dimethyl Ether (DME) Combustion and Pollutant Emission Characteristics in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine. Energies 2013, 6, 5157-5167.

AMA Style

Yoon SH, Han SC, Lee CS. Effects of High EGR Rate on Dimethyl Ether (DME) Combustion and Pollutant Emission Characteristics in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine. Energies. 2013; 6(10):5157-5167.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoon, Seung H.; Han, Seung C.; Lee, Chang S. 2013. "Effects of High EGR Rate on Dimethyl Ether (DME) Combustion and Pollutant Emission Characteristics in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine." Energies 6, no. 10: 5157-5167.

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