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Combined Heat and Power from Municipal Solid Waste: Current Status and Issues in South Korea
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea
School of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Kookmin University, Seoul 136-702, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2012; in revised form: 24 November 2012 / Accepted: 24 December 2012 / Published: 27 December 2012
Abstract: Municipal solid waste (MSW) is an important energy resource for combined heat and power (CHP) production. This study summarized an overview of CHP by MSW to energy (WtE) plants in South Korea and discussed the issues related to energy efficiency improvement. Given the dominant housing culture of apartment living in South Korea, the primary energy output of WtE plants has been for district heating. In 2010, approximately half of the 51 large WtE plants were CHP, while the rest produced heat. Power generation in the WtE CHP plants was estimated to be only 3.65% of the thermal input, while heat production was 60.79%. The R1 efficiency when compared to that in Europe was similar for the CHP plants and higher for heat-only plants. Improving power generation efficiency is required for new power plants producing steam at pressures higher than the current level of 20–30 bar. Over ten of the existing plants needed to increase their energy efficiency by installing new equipment such as steam turbines for excess steam. Finally, transboundary centralization of WtE plants between neighboring local authorities is essential for heat utilization since many existing small-scale plants (<50 t/day capacity) do not recover heat.
Keywords: combined heat and power; energy efficiency; municipal solid wastes; incineration; waste to energy
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MDPI and ACS Style
Ryu, C.; Shin, D. Combined Heat and Power from Municipal Solid Waste: Current Status and Issues in South Korea. Energies 2013, 6, 45-57.
Ryu C, Shin D. Combined Heat and Power from Municipal Solid Waste: Current Status and Issues in South Korea. Energies. 2013; 6(1):45-57.
Ryu, Changkook; Shin, Donghoon. 2013. "Combined Heat and Power from Municipal Solid Waste: Current Status and Issues in South Korea." Energies 6, no. 1: 45-57.