Next Article in Journal
Long Term Performance Study of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Fed with Alcohol Blends
Next Article in Special Issue
Decisions on Energy Demand Response Option Contracts in Smart Grids Based on Activity-Based Costing and Stochastic Programming
Previous Article in Journal
Heating Energy and Peak-Power Demand in a Standard and Low Energy Building
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Efficiency-Optimized Isolated Bidirectional DC-DC Converter with Extended Power Range for Energy Storage Systems in Microgrids
Energies 2013, 6(1), 251-281; doi:10.3390/en6010251
Review

Smart Grid Technologies in Europe: An Overview

* ,
,
 and
Dipartimento di Automatica ed Informatica (DAUIN), Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 September 2012 / Revised: 5 December 2012 / Accepted: 18 December 2012 / Published: 9 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Grid and the Future Electrical Network)
Download PDF [2226 KB, 17 March 2015; original version 17 March 2015]

Abstract

The old electricity network infrastructure has proven to be inadequate, with respect to modern challenges such as alternative energy sources, electricity demand and energy saving policies. Moreover, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) seem to have reached an adequate level of reliability and flexibility in order to support a new concept of electricity network — the smart grid. In this work, we will analyse the state-of-the-art of smart grids, in their technical, management, security, and optimization aspects. We will also provide a brief overview of the regulatory aspects involved in the development of a smart grid, mainly from the viewpoint of the European Union.
Keywords: smart grids; energy; renewables; grid intelligence; energy efficiency; energy storage smart grids; energy; renewables; grid intelligence; energy efficiency; energy storage
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Ardito, L.; Procaccianti, G.; Menga, G.; Morisio, M. Smart Grid Technologies in Europe: An Overview. Energies 2013, 6, 251-281.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

Cited By

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert