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An Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Based on Mathematical Modelling
Groupe de Recherche en Electrotechnique et Electronique de Nancy, Université de Lorraine, 2, Avenue de la Forêt de Haye, 54516 Vandoeuvre les-Nancy, France
SAFT, 111/113, boulevard Alfred Daney, 33074 Bordeaux, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 April 2012; in revised form: 16 July 2012 / Accepted: 18 July 2012 / Published: 27 July 2012
Abstract: Many of the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) models proposed in the literature consist of mathematical equations. However, they are not adequately practical for simulating power systems. The proposed model takes into account phenomena such as activation polarization, ohmic polarization, double layer capacitance and mass transport effects present in a PEM fuel cell. Using electrical analogies and a mathematical modeling of PEMFC, the circuit model is established. To evaluate the effectiveness of the circuit model, its static and dynamic performances under load step changes are simulated and compared to the numerical results obtained by solving the mathematical model. Finally, the applicability of our model is demonstrated by simulating a practical system.
Keywords: PEMFC; double layer capacitance; 2D transient model; coupled partial differential equations; dynamic equivalent circuit model; mechanical and electrical analogy
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hinaje, M.; Raël, S.; Noiying, P.; Nguyen, D.A.; Davat, B. An Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Based on Mathematical Modelling. Energies 2012, 5, 2724-2744.
Hinaje M, Raël S, Noiying P, Nguyen DA, Davat B. An Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Based on Mathematical Modelling. Energies. 2012; 5(8):2724-2744.
Hinaje, Melika; Raël, Stéphane; Noiying, Panee; Nguyen, Dinh An; Davat, Bernard. 2012. "An Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Based on Mathematical Modelling." Energies 5, no. 8: 2724-2744.