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Energies 2012, 5(8), 2724-2744; doi:10.3390/en5082724
Article

An Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Based on Mathematical Modelling

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Received: 5 April 2012; in revised form: 16 July 2012 / Accepted: 18 July 2012 / Published: 27 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cells)
Download PDF [722 KB, uploaded 27 July 2012]
Abstract: Many of the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) models proposed in the literature consist of mathematical equations. However, they are not adequately practical for simulating power systems. The proposed model takes into account phenomena such as activation polarization, ohmic polarization, double layer capacitance and mass transport effects present in a PEM fuel cell. Using electrical analogies and a mathematical modeling of PEMFC, the circuit model is established. To evaluate the effectiveness of the circuit model, its static and dynamic performances under load step changes are simulated and compared to the numerical results obtained by solving the mathematical model. Finally, the applicability of our model is demonstrated by simulating a practical system.
Keywords: PEMFC; double layer capacitance; 2D transient model; coupled partial differential equations; dynamic equivalent circuit model; mechanical and electrical analogy PEMFC; double layer capacitance; 2D transient model; coupled partial differential equations; dynamic equivalent circuit model; mechanical and electrical analogy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hinaje, M.; Raël, S.; Noiying, P.; Nguyen, D.A.; Davat, B. An Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Based on Mathematical Modelling. Energies 2012, 5, 2724-2744.

AMA Style

Hinaje M, Raël S, Noiying P, Nguyen DA, Davat B. An Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Based on Mathematical Modelling. Energies. 2012; 5(8):2724-2744.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hinaje, Melika; Raël, Stéphane; Noiying, Panee; Nguyen, Dinh An; Davat, Bernard. 2012. "An Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Based on Mathematical Modelling." Energies 5, no. 8: 2724-2744.


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