Energies 2012, 5(7), 2288-2309; doi:10.3390/en5072288
Review

Alternative Technologies for Biofuels Production in Kraft Pulp Mills—Potential and Prospects

1,* email, 2email and 1email
Received: 22 May 2012; in revised form: 21 June 2012 / Accepted: 2 July 2012 / Published: 6 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wood to Energy)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The current global conditions provide the pulp mill new opportunities beyond the traditional production of cellulose. Due to stricter environmental regulations, volatility of oil price, energy policies and also the global competitiveness, the challenges for the pulp industry are many. They range from replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources to the export of biofuels, chemicals and biomaterials through the implementation of biorefineries. In spite of the enhanced maturity of various bio and thermo-chemical conversion processes, the economic viability becomes an impediment when considering the effective implementation on an industrial scale. In the case of kraft pulp mills, favorable conditions for biofuels production can be created due to the availability of wood residues and generation of black liquor. The objective of this article is to give an overview of the technologies related to the production of alternative biofuels in the kraft pulp mills and discuss their potential and prospects in the present and future scenario.
Keywords: biofuels; black liquor; kraft pulp mill; wood residues
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [536 KB, uploaded 6 July 2012 14:06 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Hamaguchi, M.; Cardoso, M.; Vakkilainen, E. Alternative Technologies for Biofuels Production in Kraft Pulp Mills—Potential and Prospects. Energies 2012, 5, 2288-2309.

AMA Style

Hamaguchi M, Cardoso M, Vakkilainen E. Alternative Technologies for Biofuels Production in Kraft Pulp Mills—Potential and Prospects. Energies. 2012; 5(7):2288-2309.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hamaguchi, Marcelo; Cardoso, Marcelo; Vakkilainen, Esa. 2012. "Alternative Technologies for Biofuels Production in Kraft Pulp Mills—Potential and Prospects." Energies 5, no. 7: 2288-2309.

Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert