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Alternative Technologies for Biofuels Production in Kraft Pulp Mills—Potential and Prospects
Lappeenranta University of Technology—LUT Energy, Lappeenranta 20, FI-53581, Finland
Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Av. Antônio Carlos 6627, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte–MG 31270-901, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 May 2012; in revised form: 21 June 2012 / Accepted: 2 July 2012 / Published: 6 July 2012
Abstract: The current global conditions provide the pulp mill new opportunities beyond the traditional production of cellulose. Due to stricter environmental regulations, volatility of oil price, energy policies and also the global competitiveness, the challenges for the pulp industry are many. They range from replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources to the export of biofuels, chemicals and biomaterials through the implementation of biorefineries. In spite of the enhanced maturity of various bio and thermo-chemical conversion processes, the economic viability becomes an impediment when considering the effective implementation on an industrial scale. In the case of kraft pulp mills, favorable conditions for biofuels production can be created due to the availability of wood residues and generation of black liquor. The objective of this article is to give an overview of the technologies related to the production of alternative biofuels in the kraft pulp mills and discuss their potential and prospects in the present and future scenario.
Keywords: biofuels; black liquor; kraft pulp mill; wood residues
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Hamaguchi, M.; Cardoso, M.; Vakkilainen, E. Alternative Technologies for Biofuels Production in Kraft Pulp Mills—Potential and Prospects. Energies 2012, 5, 2288-2309.
Hamaguchi M, Cardoso M, Vakkilainen E. Alternative Technologies for Biofuels Production in Kraft Pulp Mills—Potential and Prospects. Energies. 2012; 5(7):2288-2309.
Hamaguchi, Marcelo; Cardoso, Marcelo; Vakkilainen, Esa. 2012. "Alternative Technologies for Biofuels Production in Kraft Pulp Mills—Potential and Prospects." Energies 5, no. 7: 2288-2309.