Energies 2012, 5(11), 4497-4516; doi:10.3390/en5114497
Article

An Energy and Water Resource Demand Estimation Model for Multi-Family Housing Complexes in Korea

1email and 2,* email
Received: 18 September 2012; in revised form: 27 October 2012 / Accepted: 7 November 2012 / Published: 13 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Efficient Buildings and Green Buildings)
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Abstract: This paper proposes and develops a residential energy and resource consumption estimation model in the context of multi-family residential housing in Korea using a multi-layer perceptron (MLP) neural network. Eight indicators are introduced which affect the energy and water resource usage characteristics of Korean residential complexes. The proposed model precisely estimated the electricity, gas energy and water consumption for each examined residential complex. In terms of validation, the results showed the highest level of agreement with actually collected datasets. The model shows promising prospects in providing necessary estimations, not only for optimally scaling and sizing energy- and water-related infrastructures, but also to promote reliable energy and resource savings through greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction planning in multi-family housing complexes. The model could also be of use in framing guidelines for the better planning of national or regional energy and resource policies and for forming a foundation of decision-making with definite references regarding the facility management of each apartment complex to enhance the energy and resource use efficiency at these locations.
Keywords: ANN; MLP; energy consumption model; multi-family residential complexes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Suh, D.; Chang, S. An Energy and Water Resource Demand Estimation Model for Multi-Family Housing Complexes in Korea. Energies 2012, 5, 4497-4516.

AMA Style

Suh D, Chang S. An Energy and Water Resource Demand Estimation Model for Multi-Family Housing Complexes in Korea. Energies. 2012; 5(11):4497-4516.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Suh, Dongjun; Chang, Seongju. 2012. "An Energy and Water Resource Demand Estimation Model for Multi-Family Housing Complexes in Korea." Energies 5, no. 11: 4497-4516.


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