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Exergy Analysis of an Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid System Fed with Ethanol
Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Thessaly, Pedion Areos, 38334, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 July 2012; in revised form: 24 September 2012 / Accepted: 18 October 2012 / Published: 24 October 2012
Abstract: In the present work, an ethanol fed Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine (SOFC-GT) system has been parametrically analyzed in terms of exergy and compared with a single SOFC system. The solid oxide fuel cell was fed with hydrogen produced from ethanol steam reforming. The hydrogen utilization factor values were kept between 0.7 and 1. The SOFC’s Current-Volt performance was considered in the range of 0.1–3 A/cm2 at 0.9–0.3 V, respectively, and at the intermediate operating temperatures of 550 and 600 °C, respectively. The curves used represent experimental results obtained from the available bibliography. Results indicated that for low current density values the single SOFC system prevails over the SOFC-GT hybrid system in terms of exergy efficiency, while at higher current density values the latter is more efficient. It was found that as the value of the utilization factor increases the SOFC system becomes more efficient than the SOFC-GT system over a wider range of current density values. It was also revealed that at high current density values the increase of SOFC operation temperature leads in both cases to higher system efficiency values.
Keywords: exergy analysis; ethanol; SOFC-GT; fuel cell; hybrid systems
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Stamatis, A.; Vinni, C.; Bakalis, D.; Tzorbatzoglou, F.; Tsiakaras, P. Exergy Analysis of an Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid System Fed with Ethanol. Energies 2012, 5, 4268-4287.
Stamatis A, Vinni C, Bakalis D, Tzorbatzoglou F, Tsiakaras P. Exergy Analysis of an Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid System Fed with Ethanol. Energies. 2012; 5(11):4268-4287.
Stamatis, Anastassios; Vinni, Christina; Bakalis, Diamantis; Tzorbatzoglou, Fotini; Tsiakaras, Panagiotis. 2012. "Exergy Analysis of an Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid System Fed with Ethanol." Energies 5, no. 11: 4268-4287.