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Energies 2011, 4(8), 1163-1177; doi:10.3390/en4081163

Removal and Conversion of Tar in Syngas from Woody Biomass Gasification for Power Utilization Using Catalytic Hydrocracking

1,* , 2
1 School of Environmental Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology (CUMT), Xuzhou 221008, China 2 Institute of Energy and Environmental Technology e.V. (IUTA), Duisburg 47229, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2011 / Revised: 4 August 2011 / Accepted: 4 August 2011 / Published: 12 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass and Biofuels)
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Biomass gasification has yet to obtain industrial acceptance. The high residual tar concentrations in syngas prevent any ambitious utilization. In this paper a novel gas purification technology based on catalytic hydrocracking is introduced, whereby most of the tarry components can be converted and removed. Pilot scale experiments were carried out with an updraft gasifier. The hydrocracking catalyst was palladium (Pd). The results show the dominant role of temperature and flow rate. At a constant flow rate of 20 Nm3/h and temperatures of 500 °C, 600 °C and 700 °C the tar conversion rates reached 44.9%, 78.1% and 92.3%, respectively. These results could be increased up to 98.6% and 99.3% by using an operating temperature of 700 °C and lower flow rates of 15 Nm3/h and 10 Nm3/h. The syngas quality after the purification process at 700 °C/10 Nm3/h is acceptable for inner combustion (IC) gas engine utilization.
Keywords: biomass gasification; tar conversion; catalytic hydrocracking biomass gasification; tar conversion; catalytic hydrocracking
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Huang, J.; Schmidt, K.G.; Bian, Z. Removal and Conversion of Tar in Syngas from Woody Biomass Gasification for Power Utilization Using Catalytic Hydrocracking. Energies 2011, 4, 1163-1177.

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