Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
A Phenomenological Model for Prediction Auto-Ignition and Soot Formation of Turbulent Diffusion Combustion in a High Pressure Common Rail Diesel Engine
Previous Article in Journal
Environmental Impacts and Costs of Hydrotreated Vegetable Oils, Transesterified Lipids and Woody BTL—A Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
CFD Investigation into Diesel PCCI Combustion with Optimized Fuel Injection
Energies 2011, 4(6), 878-893; doi:10.3390/en4060878
Article

Impact of Turbulence Intensity and Equivalence Ratio on the Burning Rate of Premixed Methane–Air Flames

* ,
 and
Received: 29 March 2011; in revised form: 6 May 2011 / Accepted: 18 May 2011 / Published: 27 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advancement in Combustion Sciences and Technology)
Download PDF [1046 KB, uploaded 27 May 2011]
Abstract: Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) have been conducted to study the response of initially laminar spherical premixed methane–air flame kernels to successively higher turbulence intensities at five different equivalence ratios. The numerical experiments include a 16-species/25-step skeletal mechanism for methane oxidation and a multicomponent molecular transport model. Highly turbulent conditions (with integral Reynolds numbers up to 4513) have been accessed. The effect of turbulence on the physical properties of the flame, in particular its consumption speed Sc, which is an interesting measure of the turbulent flame speed ST has been investigated. Local quenching events are increasingly observed for highly turbulent conditions, particularly for lean mixtures. The obtained results qualitatively confirm the expected trend regarding correlations between u′/SL and the consumption speed: Sc first increases, roughly linearly, with u′/SL (low turbulence zone), then levels off (bending zone) before decreasing again (quenching limit) for too intense turbulence. For a fixed value of u′/SL, Sc/SL varies with the mixture equivalence ratio, showing that additional parameters should probably enter phenomenological expressions relating these two quantities.
Keywords: premixed turbulent combustion; turbulent burning speed; fuel consumption rate; equivalence ratio; Direct Numerical Simulations; intense turbulence premixed turbulent combustion; turbulent burning speed; fuel consumption rate; equivalence ratio; Direct Numerical Simulations; intense turbulence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Fru, G.; Thévenin, D.; Janiga, G. Impact of Turbulence Intensity and Equivalence Ratio on the Burning Rate of Premixed Methane–Air Flames. Energies 2011, 4, 878-893.

AMA Style

Fru G, Thévenin D, Janiga G. Impact of Turbulence Intensity and Equivalence Ratio on the Burning Rate of Premixed Methane–Air Flames. Energies. 2011; 4(6):878-893.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fru, Gordon; Thévenin, Dominique; Janiga, Gábor. 2011. "Impact of Turbulence Intensity and Equivalence Ratio on the Burning Rate of Premixed Methane–Air Flames." Energies 4, no. 6: 878-893.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert