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Cost Benefit Analysis of Using Clean Energy Supplies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Global Automotive Manufacturing
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
School of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400044, China
Manufacturing Systems Research Lab, Global Research and Development, General Motors Company, Warren, MI 48090, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 July 2011; in revised form: 19 September 2011 / Accepted: 22 September 2011 / Published: 28 September 2011
Abstract: Automotive manufacturing is energy-intensive. The consumed energy contributes to the generation of significant amounts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by the automotive manufacturing industry. In this paper, a study is conducted on assessing the application potential of such clean energy power systems as solar PV, wind and fuel cells in reducing the GHG emissions of the global auto manufacturing industry. The study is conducted on the representative solar PV, wind and fuel cell clean energy systems available on the commercial market in six representative locations of GM’s global facilities, including the United States, Mexico, Brazil, China, Egypt and Germany. The results demonstrate that wind power is superior to other two clean energy technologies in the economic performance of the GHG mitigation effect. Among these six selected countries, the highest GHG emission mitigation potential is in China, through wind power supply. The maximum GHG reduction could be up to 60 tons per $1,000 economic investment on wind energy supply in China. The application of wind power systems in the United States and Germany could also obtain relatively high GHG reductions of between 40–50 tons per $1,000 economic input. When compared with wind energy, the use of solar and fuel cell power systems have much less potential for GHG mitigation in the six countries selected. The range of median GHG mitigation values resulting from solar and wind power supply are almost at the same level.
Keywords: greenhouse gas emissions; automotive manufacturing; clean energy supply; cost benefit analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style
Zhai, Q.; Cao, H.; Zhao, X.; Yuan, C. Cost Benefit Analysis of Using Clean Energy Supplies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Global Automotive Manufacturing. Energies 2011, 4, 1478-1494.
Zhai Q, Cao H, Zhao X, Yuan C. Cost Benefit Analysis of Using Clean Energy Supplies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Global Automotive Manufacturing. Energies. 2011; 4(10):1478-1494.
Zhai, Qiang; Cao, Huajun; Zhao, Xiang; Yuan, Chris. 2011. "Cost Benefit Analysis of Using Clean Energy Supplies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Global Automotive Manufacturing." Energies 4, no. 10: 1478-1494.