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Energies 2010, 3(9), 1604-1621; doi:10.3390/en3091604

Evaluating the Use of an Integrated Approach to Support Energy and Climate Policy Formulation and Evaluation

Millennium Institute, 2111 Wilson Blvd, Suite 700, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
Received: 18 August 2010 / Accepted: 8 September 2010 / Published: 10 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy-sustainable Development)
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With the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 national leaders have started investigating options for reducing carbon emissions within national borders [1]. Despite confronting similar energy issues, every country that adopted the Kyoto Protocol has a unique energy strategy [1,2] -being characterized by a different context, social, economic or environmental that influences the way different nations deal with climate change and other energy-related issues. Finding that currently available energy models are often too detailed or narrowly focused to inform longer-term policy formulation and evaluation holistically [3], the present study proposes the utilization of an integrated cross-sectoral medium to longer-term research and modeling approach, incorporating various methodologies to minimize exogenous assumptions and endogenously represent the key drivers of the system analyzed. The framework proposed includes feedback, delays and non-linearity and focuses on structure, scenarios and policies, requires a profound customization of the model that goes beyond a new parameterization. The inclusion of social and environmental factors, in addition to economic ones, all unique to the geographical area analyzed, allows for a wider analysis of the implication of policies by identifying potential side effect or longer-term bottlenecks for socio-economic development and environmental preservation arising from cross-sectoral relations.
Keywords: energy policy; integrated modeling; T21 energy policy; integrated modeling; T21
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Bassi, A.M. Evaluating the Use of an Integrated Approach to Support Energy and Climate Policy Formulation and Evaluation. Energies 2010, 3, 1604-1621.

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