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Energies 2010, 3(9), 1604-1621; doi:10.3390/en3091604
Article

Evaluating the Use of an Integrated Approach to Support Energy and Climate Policy Formulation and Evaluation

Millennium Institute, 2111 Wilson Blvd, Suite 700, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
Received: 18 August 2010 / Accepted: 8 September 2010 / Published: 10 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy-sustainable Development)
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Abstract

With the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 national leaders have started investigating options for reducing carbon emissions within national borders [1]. Despite confronting similar energy issues, every country that adopted the Kyoto Protocol has a unique energy strategy [1,2] -being characterized by a different context, social, economic or environmental that influences the way different nations deal with climate change and other energy-related issues. Finding that currently available energy models are often too detailed or narrowly focused to inform longer-term policy formulation and evaluation holistically [3], the present study proposes the utilization of an integrated cross-sectoral medium to longer-term research and modeling approach, incorporating various methodologies to minimize exogenous assumptions and endogenously represent the key drivers of the system analyzed. The framework proposed includes feedback, delays and non-linearity and focuses on structure, scenarios and policies, requires a profound customization of the model that goes beyond a new parameterization. The inclusion of social and environmental factors, in addition to economic ones, all unique to the geographical area analyzed, allows for a wider analysis of the implication of policies by identifying potential side effect or longer-term bottlenecks for socio-economic development and environmental preservation arising from cross-sectoral relations.
Keywords: energy policy; integrated modeling; T21 energy policy; integrated modeling; T21
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Bassi, A.M. Evaluating the Use of an Integrated Approach to Support Energy and Climate Policy Formulation and Evaluation. Energies 2010, 3, 1604-1621.

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