Next Article in Journal
Coastal and Offshore Wind Energy Generation: Is It Environmentally Benign?
Previous Article in Journal
Electricity Self-Generation Costs for Industrial Companies in Cameroon
Energies 2010, 3(7), 1369-1382; doi:10.3390/en3071369
Article

Co-Fuelling of Peat with Meat and Bone Meal in a Pilot Scale Bubbling Bed Reactor

1
, 1
, 1,*  and 2
Received: 5 June 2010; Accepted: 2 July 2010 / Published: 8 July 2010
Download PDF [310 KB, uploaded 8 July 2010]
Abstract: Co-combustion performance trials of Meat and Bone Meal (MBM) and peat were conducted using a bubbling fluidized bed (BFB) reactor. In the combustion performance trials the effects of the co-combustion of MBM and peat on flue gas emissions, bed fluidization, ash agglomeration tendency in the bed and the composition and quality of the ash were studied. MBM was mixed with peat at 6 levels between 15% and 100%. Emissions were predominantly below regulatory limits. CO concentrations in the flue gas only exceeded the 100 mg/m3 limit upon combustion of pure MBM. SO2 emissions were found to be over the limit of 50 mg/m3, while in all trials NOx emissions were below the limit of 300 mg/m3. The HCl content of the flue gases was found to vary near the limit of 30 mg/m3. VOCs however were within their limits. The problem of bed agglomeration was avoided when the bed temperature was about 850 °C and only 20% MBM was co-combusted. This study indicates that a pilot scale BFB reactor can, under optimum conditions, be operated within emission limits when MBM is used as a co-fuel with peat. This can provide a basis for further scale-up development work in industrial scale BFB applications.
Keywords: bubbling bed reactor; meat & bone meal; co-combustion; flue gas emissions; peat bubbling bed reactor; meat & bone meal; co-combustion; flue gas emissions; peat
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

McDonnell, K.; Cummins, E.J.; Fagan, C.C.; Orjala, M. Co-Fuelling of Peat with Meat and Bone Meal in a Pilot Scale Bubbling Bed Reactor. Energies 2010, 3, 1369-1382.

AMA Style

McDonnell K, Cummins EJ, Fagan CC, Orjala M. Co-Fuelling of Peat with Meat and Bone Meal in a Pilot Scale Bubbling Bed Reactor. Energies. 2010; 3(7):1369-1382.

Chicago/Turabian Style

McDonnell, Kevin; Cummins, Enda J.; Fagan, Colette C.; Orjala, Markku. 2010. "Co-Fuelling of Peat with Meat and Bone Meal in a Pilot Scale Bubbling Bed Reactor." Energies 3, no. 7: 1369-1382.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert