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Organic / IV, III-V Semiconductor Hybrid Solar Cells
Emitech, Inc., Fall River, Massachusetts, 02720, USA
Department of Chemistry, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island, 02881, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2009; in revised form: 5 February 2010 / Accepted: 5 February 2010 / Published: 5 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Cells
Abstract: We present a review of the emerging class of hybrid solar cells based on organic-semiconductor (Group IV, III-V), nanocomposites, which states separately from dye synthesized, polymer-metal oxides and organic-inorganic (Group II-VI) nanocomposite photovoltaics. The structure of such hybrid cell comprises of an organic active material (p-type) deposited by coating, printing or spraying technique on the surface of bulk or nanostructured semiconductor (n-type) forming a heterojunction between the two materials. Organic components include various photosensitive monomers (e.g., phtalocyanines or porphyrines), conjugated polymers, and carbon nanotubes. Mechanisms of the charge separation at the interface and their transport are discussed. Also, perspectives on the future development of such hybrid cells and comparative analysis with other classes of photovoltaics of third generation are presented.
Keywords: hybrid solar cells; photovoltaic effect; solar energy; organic-inorganic solar cells; Group IV; III-V semiconductors; carbon nanotubes
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Ong, P.-L.; Levitsky, I.A. Organic / IV, III-V Semiconductor Hybrid Solar Cells. Energies 2010, 3, 313-334.
Ong P-L, Levitsky IA. Organic / IV, III-V Semiconductor Hybrid Solar Cells. Energies. 2010; 3(3):313-334.
Ong, Pang-Leen; Levitsky, Igor A. 2010. "Organic / IV, III-V Semiconductor Hybrid Solar Cells." Energies 3, no. 3: 313-334.