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Energies 2010, 3(3), 313-334; doi:10.3390/en3030313

Organic / IV, III-V Semiconductor Hybrid Solar Cells

1
Emitech, Inc., Fall River, Massachusetts, 02720, USA
2
Department of Chemistry, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island, 02881, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2009 / Revised: 5 February 2010 / Accepted: 5 February 2010 / Published: 5 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Cells)
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Abstract

We present a review of the emerging class of hybrid solar cells based on organic-semiconductor (Group IV, III-V), nanocomposites, which states separately from dye synthesized, polymer-metal oxides and organic-inorganic (Group II-VI) nanocomposite photovoltaics. The structure of such hybrid cell comprises of an organic active material (p-type) deposited by coating, printing or spraying technique on the surface of bulk or nanostructured semiconductor (n-type) forming a heterojunction between the two materials. Organic components include various photosensitive monomers (e.g., phtalocyanines or porphyrines), conjugated polymers, and carbon nanotubes. Mechanisms of the charge separation at the interface and their transport are discussed. Also, perspectives on the future development of such hybrid cells and comparative analysis with other classes of photovoltaics of third generation are presented.
Keywords: hybrid solar cells; photovoltaic effect; solar energy; organic-inorganic solar cells; Group IV; III-V semiconductors; carbon nanotubes hybrid solar cells; photovoltaic effect; solar energy; organic-inorganic solar cells; Group IV; III-V semiconductors; carbon nanotubes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ong, P.-L.; Levitsky, I.A. Organic / IV, III-V Semiconductor Hybrid Solar Cells. Energies 2010, 3, 313-334.

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