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Energies 2010, 3(3), 285-300; doi:10.3390/en3030285
Review

Complex Nanostructures: Synthesis and Energetic Applications

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*
Department of Chemistry, Merkert Chemistry Center, Boston College, 2609 Beacon St., Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2009 / Accepted: 3 February 2010 / Published: 26 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Cells)
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Abstract

Connected through single crystalline junctions, low dimensional materials such as nanowires and nanorods form complex nanostructures. These new materials exhibit mechanical strengths and electrical conductivities superior to their constituents while maintaining comparable surface areas, an attribute ideal for energetic applications. More efficient solar cells, higher capacity batteries and better performing photoelectrochemical cells have been built using these materials. This article reviews this exciting new class of materials and covers topics from controlled syntheses to applications in photovoltaics, chemical energy conversion and electrical charge storage. Mechanisms responsible for the improved performance are discussed. The prospect of their applications in a broader energy-related field is analyzed.
Keywords: nanostructures; synthesis; solar cells; photoelectrochemical cells; rechargeable batteries nanostructures; synthesis; solar cells; photoelectrochemical cells; rechargeable batteries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Liu, X.; Lin, Y.; Zhou, S.; Sheehan, S.; Wang, D. Complex Nanostructures: Synthesis and Energetic Applications. Energies 2010, 3, 285-300.

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