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Complex Nanostructures: Synthesis and Energetic Applications
Department of Chemistry, Merkert Chemistry Center, Boston College, 2609 Beacon St., Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2009; Accepted: 3 February 2010 / Published: 26 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Cells
Abstract: Connected through single crystalline junctions, low dimensional materials such as nanowires and nanorods form complex nanostructures. These new materials exhibit mechanical strengths and electrical conductivities superior to their constituents while maintaining comparable surface areas, an attribute ideal for energetic applications. More efficient solar cells, higher capacity batteries and better performing photoelectrochemical cells have been built using these materials. This article reviews this exciting new class of materials and covers topics from controlled syntheses to applications in photovoltaics, chemical energy conversion and electrical charge storage. Mechanisms responsible for the improved performance are discussed. The prospect of their applications in a broader energy-related field is analyzed.
Keywords: nanostructures; synthesis; solar cells; photoelectrochemical cells; rechargeable batteries
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MDPI and ACS Style
Liu, X.; Lin, Y.; Zhou, S.; Sheehan, S.; Wang, D. Complex Nanostructures: Synthesis and Energetic Applications. Energies 2010, 3, 285-300.
Liu X, Lin Y, Zhou S, Sheehan S, Wang D. Complex Nanostructures: Synthesis and Energetic Applications. Energies. 2010; 3(3):285-300.
Liu, Xiaohua; Lin, Yongjing; Zhou, Sa; Sheehan, Stafford; Wang, Dunwei. 2010. "Complex Nanostructures: Synthesis and Energetic Applications." Energies 3, no. 3: 285-300.