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Enzymatic Biofuel Cells—Fabrication of Enzyme Electrodes
School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2009; Accepted: 4 January 2010 / Published: 11 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fuel Cells
Abstract: Enzyme based bioelectronics have attracted increasing interest in recent years because of their applications on biomedical research and healthcare. They also have broad applications in environmental monitoring, and as the power source for portable electronic devices. In this review, the technology developed for fabrication of enzyme electrodes has been described. Different enzyme immobilisation methods using layered structures with self-assembled monolayers (SAM) and entrapment of enzymes in polymer matrixes have been reviewed. The performances of enzymatic biofuel cells are summarised. Various approaches on further development to overcome the current challenges have been discussed. This innovative technology will have a major impact and benefit medical science and clinical research, healthcare management, energy production from renewable sources.
Keywords: enzymes; bioelectronics; biofuel cells; self-assembled monolayer; redox polymer; mediator; enzyme immobilisation
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hao Yu, E.; Scott, K. Enzymatic Biofuel Cells—Fabrication of Enzyme Electrodes. Energies 2010, 3, 23-42.
Hao Yu E, Scott K. Enzymatic Biofuel Cells—Fabrication of Enzyme Electrodes. Energies. 2010; 3(1):23-42.
Hao Yu, Eileen; Scott, Keith. 2010. "Enzymatic Biofuel Cells—Fabrication of Enzyme Electrodes." Energies 3, no. 1: 23-42.