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Single-Chamber Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology—From Its Origins to Today’s State of the Art
Department of Mechanical Engineering, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, H3T 1J4, Canada
Équipe Électrocatalyse, Laboratoire de Catalyse en Chimie Organique, UMR CNRS 6503, Université de Poitiers, 86022 Poitiers, France
Current address: Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577, Japan
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2009; Accepted: 31 December 2009 / Published: 15 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fuel Cells
Abstract: In single-chamber solid oxide fuel cells (SC-SOFCs), both anode and cathode are situated in a common gas chamber and are exposed to a mixture of fuel and oxidant. The working principle is based on the difference in catalytic activity of the electrodes for the respective anodic and cathodic reactions. The resulting difference in oxygen partial pressure between the electrodes leads to the generation of an open circuit voltage. Progress in SC-SOFC technology has enabled the generation of power outputs comparable to those of conventional SOFCs. This paper provides a detailed review of the development of SC-SOFC technology.
Keywords: solid oxide fuel cell; single-chamber; mixed-reactant; anode; cathode; electrolyte
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MDPI and ACS Style
Kuhn, M.; Napporn, T.W. Single-Chamber Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology—From Its Origins to Today’s State of the Art. Energies 2010, 3, 57-134.
Kuhn M, Napporn TW. Single-Chamber Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology—From Its Origins to Today’s State of the Art. Energies. 2010; 3(1):57-134.
Kuhn, Melanie; Napporn, Teko W. 2010. "Single-Chamber Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology—From Its Origins to Today’s State of the Art." Energies 3, no. 1: 57-134.