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A Proposal of Ecologic Taxes Based on Thermo-Economic Performance of Heat Engine Models
Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Escuela Superior de Cómputo del IPN, Av. Miguel Bernal Esq. Juan de Dios Bátiz U.P. Zacatenco CP 07738, D.F., Mexico
Unidad de Administración de Riesgos, Banco de México, 5 de Mayo, Centro, D.F., Mexico
Departamento de Física y Matemáticas, Universidad de las Américas, Puebla Exhacienda Sta. Catarina Mártir, Cholula 72820, Puebla, Mexico
Departamento de Física, Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas del IPN, Edif. 9 U.P. Zacatenco CP 07738, D.F., Mexico
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2009; Accepted: 27 September 2009 / Published: 10 November 2009
Abstract: Within the context of Finite-Time Thermodynamics (FTT) a simplified thermal power plant model (the so-called Novikov engine) is analyzed under economical criteria by means of the concepts of profit function and the costs involved in the performance of the power plant. In this study, two different heat transfer laws are used, the so called Newton’s law of cooling and the Dulong-Petit’s law of cooling. Two FTT optimization criteria for the performance analysis are used: the maximum power regime (MP) and the so-called ecological criterion. This last criterion leads the engine model towards a mode of performance that appreciably diminishes the engine’s wasted energy. In this work, it is shown that the energy-unit price produced under maximum power conditions is cheaper than that produced under maximum ecological (ME) conditions. This was accomplished by using a typical definition of profits function stemming from economics. The MP-regime produces considerably more wasted energy toward the environment, thus the MP energy-unit price is subsidized by nature. Due to this fact, an ecological tax is proposed, which could be a certain function of the price difference between the MP and ME modes of power production.
Keywords: thermoeconomics; endoreversible cycles; optimization
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Barranco-Jiménez, M.A.; Ramos-Gayosso, I.; Rosales, M.A.; Angulo-Brown, F. A Proposal of Ecologic Taxes Based on Thermo-Economic Performance of Heat Engine Models. Energies 2009, 2, 1042-1056.
Barranco-Jiménez MA, Ramos-Gayosso I, Rosales MA, Angulo-Brown F. A Proposal of Ecologic Taxes Based on Thermo-Economic Performance of Heat Engine Models. Energies. 2009; 2(4):1042-1056.
Barranco-Jiménez, Marco A.; Ramos-Gayosso, Israel; Rosales, Marco A.; Angulo-Brown, Fernando. 2009. "A Proposal of Ecologic Taxes Based on Thermo-Economic Performance of Heat Engine Models." Energies 2, no. 4: 1042-1056.