Energies 2009, 2(4), 1042-1056; doi:10.3390/en20401042
Article

A Proposal of Ecologic Taxes Based on Thermo-Economic Performance of Heat Engine Models

1,* email, 2email, 3email and 4email
Received: 24 August 2009; Accepted: 27 September 2009 / Published: 10 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Economics)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Within the context of Finite-Time Thermodynamics (FTT) a simplified thermal power plant model (the so-called Novikov engine) is analyzed under economical criteria by means of the concepts of profit function and the costs involved in the performance of the power plant. In this study, two different heat transfer laws are used, the so called Newton’s law of cooling and the Dulong-Petit’s law of cooling. Two FTT optimization criteria for the performance analysis are used: the maximum power regime (MP) and the so-called ecological criterion. This last criterion leads the engine model towards a mode of performance that appreciably diminishes the engine’s wasted energy. In this work, it is shown that the energy-unit price produced under maximum power conditions is cheaper than that produced under maximum ecological (ME) conditions. This was accomplished by using a typical definition of profits function stemming from economics. The MP-regime produces considerably more wasted energy toward the environment, thus the MP energy-unit price is subsidized by nature. Due to this fact, an ecological tax is proposed, which could be a certain function of the price difference between the MP and ME modes of power production.
Keywords: thermoeconomics; endoreversible cycles; optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barranco-Jiménez, M.A.; Ramos-Gayosso, I.; Rosales, M.A.; Angulo-Brown, F. A Proposal of Ecologic Taxes Based on Thermo-Economic Performance of Heat Engine Models. Energies 2009, 2, 1042-1056.

AMA Style

Barranco-Jiménez MA, Ramos-Gayosso I, Rosales MA, Angulo-Brown F. A Proposal of Ecologic Taxes Based on Thermo-Economic Performance of Heat Engine Models. Energies. 2009; 2(4):1042-1056.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barranco-Jiménez, Marco A.; Ramos-Gayosso, Israel; Rosales, Marco A.; Angulo-Brown, Fernando. 2009. "A Proposal of Ecologic Taxes Based on Thermo-Economic Performance of Heat Engine Models." Energies 2, no. 4: 1042-1056.

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