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Impacts of Large Scale Wind Penetration on Energy Supply Industry
Hellenic Transmission System Operator, System Planning Department, Kastoros 72, 18545, Piraeus, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 August 2009; Accepted: 5 November 2009 / Published: 9 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Energy
Abstract: Large penetration of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) impacts Energy Supply Industry (ESI) in many aspects leading to a fundamental change in electric power systems. It raises a number of technical challenges to the Transmission System Operators (TSOs), Distribution System Operators (DSOs) and Wind Turbine Generators (WTG) constructors. This paper aims to present in a thorough and coherent way the redrawn picture for Energy Systems under these conditions. Topics related to emergent technical challenges, technical solutions required and finally the impact on ESI due to large wind power penetration, are analyzed. Finally, general conclusions are extracted about the ESI current and future state and general directions are recommended.
Keywords: wind power; large wind penetration; wind integration; energy supply industry; electric market
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MDPI and ACS Style
Kabouris, J.; Kanellos, F.D. Impacts of Large Scale Wind Penetration on Energy Supply Industry. Energies 2009, 2, 1031-1041.
Kabouris J, Kanellos FD. Impacts of Large Scale Wind Penetration on Energy Supply Industry. Energies. 2009; 2(4):1031-1041.
Kabouris, John; Kanellos, Fotis D. 2009. "Impacts of Large Scale Wind Penetration on Energy Supply Industry." Energies 2, no. 4: 1031-1041.