Next Article in Journal
A Proposal of Ecologic Taxes Based on Thermo-Economic Performance of Heat Engine Models
Next Article in Special Issue
Electromagnetic Interference on Large Wind Turbines
Previous Article in Journal
Energy Storage in Bifunctional TiO2 Composite Materials under UV and Visible Light
Previous Article in Special Issue
Map-Based Repowering and Reorganization of a Wind Resource Area to Minimize Burrowing Owl and Other Bird Fatalities
Energies 2009, 2(4), 1031-1041; doi:10.3390/en20401031
Review

Impacts of Large Scale Wind Penetration on Energy Supply Industry

 and *
Received: 11 August 2009; Accepted: 5 November 2009 / Published: 9 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Energy)
Download PDF [181 KB, uploaded 9 November 2009]
Abstract: Large penetration of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) impacts Energy Supply Industry (ESI) in many aspects leading to a fundamental change in electric power systems. It raises a number of technical challenges to the Transmission System Operators (TSOs), Distribution System Operators (DSOs) and Wind Turbine Generators (WTG) constructors. This paper aims to present in a thorough and coherent way the redrawn picture for Energy Systems under these conditions. Topics related to emergent technical challenges, technical solutions required and finally the impact on ESI due to large wind power penetration, are analyzed. Finally, general conclusions are extracted about the ESI current and future state and general directions are recommended.
Keywords: wind power; large wind penetration; wind integration; energy supply industry; electric market wind power; large wind penetration; wind integration; energy supply industry; electric market
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Kabouris, J.; Kanellos, F.D. Impacts of Large Scale Wind Penetration on Energy Supply Industry. Energies 2009, 2, 1031-1041.

AMA Style

Kabouris J, Kanellos FD. Impacts of Large Scale Wind Penetration on Energy Supply Industry. Energies. 2009; 2(4):1031-1041.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kabouris, John; Kanellos, Fotis D. 2009. "Impacts of Large Scale Wind Penetration on Energy Supply Industry." Energies 2, no. 4: 1031-1041.


Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert