Next Article in Journal
Influence of System Parameters on Fuse Protection Use in Regenerative DC Drives
Next Article in Special Issue
A Microscale Modeling Tool for the Design and Optimization of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Previous Article in Journal
Transesterification of Vegetable Oils with Ethanol and Characterization of the Key Fuel Properties of Ethyl Esters
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Self-Supported Direct Borohydride-Hydrogen Peroxide Fuel Cell System
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2009, 2(2), 377-410; doi:10.3390/en20200377

Direct Utilization of Liquid Fuels in SOFC for Portable Applications: Challenges for the Selection of Alternative Anodes

Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 May 2009 / Revised: 30 May 2009 / Accepted: 2 June 2009 / Published: 12 June 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fuel Cells)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1439 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) have the advantage of being able to operate with fuels other than hydrogen. In particular, liquid fuels are especially attractive for powering portable applications such as small power generators or auxiliary power units, in which case the direct utilization of the fuel would be convenient. Although liquid fuels are easier to handle and transport than hydrogen, their direct use in SOFC can lead to anode deactivation due to carbon formation, especially on traditional nickel/yttria stabilized zirconia (Ni/YSZ) anodes. Significant advances have been made in anodic materials that are resistant to carbon formation but often these materials are less electrochemically active than Ni/YSZ. In this review the challenges of using liquid fuels directly in SOFC, in terms of gas-phase and catalytic reactions within the anode chamber, will be discussed and the alternative anode materials so far investigated will be compared. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid oxide fuel cells; anode; direct utilization; liquid fuels; methanol; ethanol; portable applications solid oxide fuel cells; anode; direct utilization; liquid fuels; methanol; ethanol; portable applications
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cimenti, M.; Hill, J.M. Direct Utilization of Liquid Fuels in SOFC for Portable Applications: Challenges for the Selection of Alternative Anodes. Energies 2009, 2, 377-410.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top