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Energies 2018, 11(9), 2441; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092441

Insulation Reconstruction for OPGW DC De-Icing and Its Influence on Lightning Protection and Energy Conservation

1
State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China
2
National Power Grid Corp North China Branch, Xicheng District, Beijing 100053, China
3
China Electric Power Research Institute, Haidian District, Beijing 100000, China
4
Inner Mongolia Electric Power Research Institute, Hohhot 010020, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 August 2018 / Revised: 31 August 2018 / Accepted: 3 September 2018 / Published: 14 September 2018
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Abstract

In order to satisfy demands for DC de-icing of optical fiber composite overhead ground wire (OPGW) and solve questions such as those relating to circulating current loss and liability of suffering from lightning strike, the grounding method of OPGW must be changed from the current commonly used method of being grounded at every tower to being grounded at one tower. The OPGW would be connected to the tower by an insulator, which is often shunt connected with a protective discharge clearance. The recommended value of the discharge clearance is from 70 to 80 mm. The lightning impulse discharge voltage of such a clearance is generally not more than 100 kV. However, as the transmission line is struck by lightning, over-voltage on the clearance is 885 kV at least, even up to a few MV. The clearance can be broken down reliably. The influence of insulation reconstruction for OPGW on the induced current and the power loss of the AC transmission line was studied by means of theoretical analysis and simulation calculations. Results indicate that change of the OPGW grounding mode could reduce the induced current of the ground wire to below 1 A and reduce the power loss of the line to below 1 W/km. Power loss could be reduced by over 99%. Adoption of a suitable grounding mode for OPGW is of great significance for DC de-icing, lightning protection safety, and energy savings for UHV projects. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical fiber composite overhead ground wire; grounded at every tower; grounded at one tower; ground wire insulator; discharge clearance; DC de-icing; insulation reconstruction optical fiber composite overhead ground wire; grounded at every tower; grounded at one tower; ground wire insulator; discharge clearance; DC de-icing; insulation reconstruction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, X.; Zhou, M.; Luo, Y.; Xia, C.; Cao, B.; Chen, X. Insulation Reconstruction for OPGW DC De-Icing and Its Influence on Lightning Protection and Energy Conservation. Energies 2018, 11, 2441.

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