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Energies 2018, 11(9), 2440; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092440

Effect of Ice Shedding on Discharge Characteristics of an Ice-Covered Insulator String during AC Flashover

1
State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China
2
National Power Grid Corp North China Branch, Xicheng District, Beijing 100053, China
3
Tianjin Electric Power Dispatching and Communication Center, Hebei District, Tianjin 300010, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 August 2018 / Revised: 30 August 2018 / Accepted: 3 September 2018 / Published: 14 September 2018
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Abstract

Considering the ice shedding phenomena on ice-covered outdoor insulators, this paper conducted the artificial experiments by using a five-unit suspension ceramic insulator string covered with wet-grown ice to investigate the effects of ice shedding on the icing discharge characteristics. According to IEEE Standard 1783/2009, the minimum flashover voltage (VMF), propagation of discharges to flashover and related leakage current (LC) were measured. It was found that VMF after ice shedding can be increased by about 17% as compared with that before ice shedding. The initiation and formation of discharge arcs across ice-free regions caused by ice shedding become difficult, showing an unstable propagating path, indeterminate arc shape and longer arc column. Although VMF under ice shedding conditions is higher than that without ice shedding, the fundamental component, and harmonics show lower amplitudes for the latter case. The ratios of harmonics to the fundamental are well in accordance with discharge characteristics during the flashover for which the ratios show a relatively stable varying tendency in the absence of ice shedding, but show changeable and indeterminate variation under ice shedding conditions. The obtained results are helpful to understand the icing state and its influence on surface discharges for preventing the icing flashovers. View Full-Text
Keywords: ice-covered outdoor insulators; ice shedding; discharge characteristics; AC flashover; minimum flashover voltage; time-frequency analysis; leakage current ice-covered outdoor insulators; ice shedding; discharge characteristics; AC flashover; minimum flashover voltage; time-frequency analysis; leakage current
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, X.; Zhou, M.; Luo, Y.; Wang, G.; Jia, L. Effect of Ice Shedding on Discharge Characteristics of an Ice-Covered Insulator String during AC Flashover. Energies 2018, 11, 2440.

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