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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1906; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071906

Exploiting Artificial Neural Networks for the Prediction of Ancillary Energy Market Prices

1
Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, FI-00076 Espoo, Finland
2
National Institute of Informatics, Tokyo 100-0003, Japan
3
SRT, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå 97187, Sweden
4
International Research Laboratory of Computer Technologies, ITMO University, St. Petersburgh 197101, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 June 2018 / Revised: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 21 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Smart Grid)

Abstract

The increase of distributed energy resources in the smart grid calls for new ways to profitably exploit these resources, which can participate in day-ahead ancillary energy markets by providing flexibility. Higher profits are available for resource owners that are able to anticipate price peaks and hours of low prices or zero prices, as well as to control the resource in such a way that exploits the price fluctuations. Thus, this study presents a solution in which artificial neural networks are exploited to predict the day-ahead ancillary energy market prices. The study employs the frequency containment reserve for the normal operations market as a case study and presents the methodology utilized for the prediction of the case study ancillary market prices. The relevant data sources for predicting the market prices are identified, then the frequency containment reserve market prices are analyzed and compared with the spot market prices. In addition, the methodology describes the choices behind the definition of the model validation method and the performance evaluation coefficient utilized in the study. Moreover, the empirical processes for designing an artificial neural network model are presented. The performance of the artificial neural network model is evaluated in detail by means of several experiments, showing robustness and adaptiveness to the fast-changing price behaviors. Finally, the developed artificial neural network model is shown to have better performance than two state of the art models, support vector regression and ARIMA, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid; energy markets; ancillary markets; demand response; frequency containment reserve; price prediction; machine learning; neural network smart grid; energy markets; ancillary markets; demand response; frequency containment reserve; price prediction; machine learning; neural network
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Giovanelli, C.; Sierla, S.; Ichise, R.; Vyatkin, V. Exploiting Artificial Neural Networks for the Prediction of Ancillary Energy Market Prices. Energies 2018, 11, 1906.

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