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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1824; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071824

A Review of Projected Power-to-Gas Deployment Scenarios

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Khalifa University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 2533, Abu Dhabi, UAE
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Received: 19 May 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 12 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Power-to-Gas Energy Storage Technologies)
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Abstract

Technical, economic and environmental assessments of projected power-to-gas (PtG) deployment scenarios at distributed- to national-scale are reviewed, as well as their extensions to nuclear-assisted renewable hydrogen. Their collective research trends, outcomes, challenges and limitations are highlighted, leading to suggested future work areas. These studies have focused on the conversion of excess wind and solar photovoltaic electricity in European-based energy systems using low-temperature electrolysis technologies. Synthetic natural gas, either solely or with hydrogen, has been the most frequent PtG product. However, the spectrum of possible deployment scenarios has been incompletely explored to date, in terms of geographical/sectorial application environment, electricity generation technology, and PtG processes, products and their end-uses to meet a given energy system demand portfolio. Suggested areas of focus include PtG deployment scenarios: (i) incorporating concentrated solar- and/or hybrid renewable generation technologies; (ii) for energy systems facing high cooling and/or water desalination/treatment demands; (iii) employing high-temperature and/or hybrid hydrogen production processes; and (iv) involving PtG material/energy integrations with other installations/sectors. In terms of PtG deployment simulation, suggested areas include the use of dynamic and load/utilization factor-dependent performance characteristics, dynamic commodity prices, more systematic comparisons between power-to-what potential deployment options and between product end-uses, more holistic performance criteria, and formal optimizations. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy scenario; excess power; hydrogen; power-to-gas; power-to-X; renewable energy; synthetic natural gas energy scenario; excess power; hydrogen; power-to-gas; power-to-X; renewable energy; synthetic natural gas
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Eveloy, V.; Gebreegziabher, T. A Review of Projected Power-to-Gas Deployment Scenarios. Energies 2018, 11, 1824.

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