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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1800; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071800

Model-Based Temperature Sensor Fault Detection and Fault-Tolerant Control of Urea-Selective Catalyst Reduction Control Systems

1
Wuhan University of Technology, Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan 430070, China
2
Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Automotive Components Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
3
China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd., Tianjin 300300, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 May 2018 / Revised: 20 June 2018 / Accepted: 3 July 2018 / Published: 9 July 2018
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Abstract

This paper aims at investigating the fault diagnosis of the selective catalyst reduction (SCR) outlet temperature sensors and fault-tolerant control methods of the SCR system, and three typical faults of downstream temperature sensors were modeled and analyzed to present influences of different faults on the SCR system performances (such as nitrogen oxides (NOx) emission and conversion efficiency, NH3 slip, urea dosage and ammonia coverage estimation). A temperature model was established to estimate the SCR outlet temperature, and diagnostics were developed based on the differences between model estimates and sensor measurements. Once a downstream temperature sensor fault was detected, the fault-tolerant control will be enabled, and the output of the sensor may be substituted with the estimates of the model. Thus, SCR performances shall be maintained within the acceptable ranges. Moreover, a 0-D SCR model was also established to validate the capability of diagnostics and fault-tolerant control strategy over the European transient cycle (ETC). View Full-Text
Keywords: diesel engine; urea-selective catalyst reduction (SCR); temperature sensor; fault diagnosis; fault-tolerant control diesel engine; urea-selective catalyst reduction (SCR); temperature sensor; fault diagnosis; fault-tolerant control
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Hu, J.; Wang, J.; Zeng, J.; Zhong, X. Model-Based Temperature Sensor Fault Detection and Fault-Tolerant Control of Urea-Selective Catalyst Reduction Control Systems. Energies 2018, 11, 1800.

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