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Energies 2018, 11(6), 1528; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061528

Potential of Russian Regions to Implement CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery

1
Organization and Management Department, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 21 Line, 2, St. Petersburg 199106, Russia
2
Kola Science Centre of the RAS, Fersman st., 24a, Apatite 184209, Russia
3
Department of Informatics and Computer Technologies, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 21 Line, 2, St. Petersburg 199106, Russia
4
School of Business and Management, Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FI-53851 Lappeenranta, Finland
5
Faculty of Process and Environmental Engineering, Lodz University of Technology, ul. Wolczanska 213, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 29 May 2018 / Accepted: 10 June 2018 / Published: 12 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enhanced Oil Recovery)
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Abstract

The paper assesses the techno-economic potential of Russia to implement carbon capture and storage technologies that imply the capture of anthropogenic CO2 and its injection into geologic reservoirs for long-term storage. The focus is on CO2 enhanced oil recovery projects that seem to be the most economically promising option of carbon capture and storage. The novelty of the work lies in the formulation of a potential assessment method of CO2 enhanced oil recovery, which allows for establishing a connection between energy production and oil extraction from the viewpoint of CO2 supply and demand. Using linear optimization, the most promising combinations of CO2 sources and sinks are identified and an economic evaluation of these projects is carried out. Based on this information, regions of Russia are ranked according to their prospects in regards to CO2 capture and enhanced oil recovery storage. The results indicate that Russia has a significant potential to utilize its power plants as CO2 sources for enhanced oil recovery projects. It has been estimated that 71 coal-fired power plants, and 185 of the gas-fired power plants of Russia annually produce 297.1 and 309.6 Mt of CO2 that can cover 553.4 Mt of the demand of 322 Russian oil fields. At the same time, the total CO2 storage capacity of the Russian fields is estimated at 7382.6 Mt, however, due to geological and technical factors, only 22.6% can be used for CO2-EOR projects. Of the 183 potential projects identified in the regional analysis phase, 99 were found to be cost-effective, with an average unit cost of € 19.07 per ton of CO2 and a payback period of 8.71 years. The most promising of the estimated regions is characterized by a well-developed energy industry, relatively low transportation costs, numerous large and medium-sized oil fields at the final stages of development, and favorable geological conditions that minimize the cost of injection. Geographically, they are located in the North-Western, Volga, and Ural Federal districts. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 injection; enhanced oil recovery; project economics; transportation; regions of Russia; potential assessment CO2 injection; enhanced oil recovery; project economics; transportation; regions of Russia; potential assessment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Cherepovitsyn, A.; Fedoseev, S.; Tcvetkov, P.; Sidorova, K.; Kraslawski, A. Potential of Russian Regions to Implement CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery. Energies 2018, 11, 1528.

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