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Energies 2018, 11(2), 316; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11020316

Cyber-Attacks on Smart Meters in Household Nanogrid: Modeling, Simulation and Analysis

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China
2
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, 52062 Aachen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2017 / Revised: 21 December 2017 / Accepted: 27 December 2017 / Published: 2 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

The subject of cyber-security and therefore cyber-attacks on smart grid (SG) has become subject of many publications in the last years, emphasizing its importance in research, as well as in practice. One especially vulnerable part of SG are smart meters (SMs). The major contribution of simulating a variety of cyber-attacks on SMs that have not been done in previous studies is the identification and quantification of the possible impacts on the security of SG. In this study, a simulation model of a nanogrid, including a complete household with an SM, was developed. Different cyber-attacks were injected into the SM to simulate their effects on household nanogrid. The analysis of the impacts of different cyber-attacks showed that the effects of cyber-attacks can be sorted into various categories. Integrity and confidentiality attacks cause monetary effects on the grid. While, availability attacks have monetary effects on the grid as well, they are mainly aimed at compromising the SM communication by either delaying or stopping it completely. View Full-Text
Keywords: reliability assessment; cyber-physical systems; distributed generation systems; smart grid; SCADA; smart meter; cyber-security; cyber-attacks reliability assessment; cyber-physical systems; distributed generation systems; smart grid; SCADA; smart meter; cyber-security; cyber-attacks
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Tellbach, D.; Li, Y.-F. Cyber-Attacks on Smart Meters in Household Nanogrid: Modeling, Simulation and Analysis. Energies 2018, 11, 316.

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