A Review of Experiments and Modeling of Gas-Liquid Flow in Electrical Submersible Pumps
AbstractAs the second most widely used artificial lift method in petroleum production (and first in produced amount), electrical submersible pump (ESP) maintains or increases flow rate by converting kinetic energy to hydraulic pressure of hydrocarbon fluids. To facilitate its optimal working conditions, an ESP has to be operated within a narrow application window. Issues like gas involvement, changing production rate and high oil viscosity, greatly impede ESP boosting pressure. Previous experimental studies showed that the presence of gas would cause ESP hydraulic head degradation. The flow behaviors inside ESPs under gassy conditions, such as pressure surging and gas pockets, further deteriorate ESP pressure boosting ability. Therefore, it is important to know what parameters govern the gas-liquid flow structure inside a rotating ESP and how it can be modeled. This paper presents a comprehensive review on the key factors that affect ESP performance under gassy flow conditions. Furthermore, the empirical and mechanistic models for predicting ESP pressure increment are discussed. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based modeling approach for studying the multiphase flow in a rotating ESP is explained as well. The closure relationships that are critical to both mechanistic and numerical models are reviewed, which are helpful for further development of more accurate models for predicting ESP gas-liquid flow behaviors. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Zhu, J.; Zhang, H.-Q. A Review of Experiments and Modeling of Gas-Liquid Flow in Electrical Submersible Pumps. Energies 2018, 11, 180.
Zhu J, Zhang H-Q. A Review of Experiments and Modeling of Gas-Liquid Flow in Electrical Submersible Pumps. Energies. 2018; 11(1):180.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhu, Jianjun; Zhang, Hong-Quan. 2018. "A Review of Experiments and Modeling of Gas-Liquid Flow in Electrical Submersible Pumps." Energies 11, no. 1: 180.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.