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Energies 2017, 10(9), 1347; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10091347

An Improved Droop Control Strategy for Low-Voltage Microgrids Based on Distributed Secondary Power Optimization Control

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2
State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Research Institute, Hangzhou 310014, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 August 2017 / Revised: 30 August 2017 / Accepted: 1 September 2017 / Published: 7 September 2017
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Abstract

To achieve accurate reactive power sharing and voltage frequency and amplitude restoration in low-voltage microgrids, a control strategy combining an improved droop control with distributed secondary power optimization control is proposed. The active and reactive power that each distributed generator (DG) shares is calculated by extracting load information and utilizing a power sharing ratio, and is reset to be the nominal power to recalculate droop gains. The droop control curves are reconstructed according to the nominal active and reactive power and the recalculated droop gains. The reconstructed active power-frequency droop control can regulate active power adaptively and keep frequency at a nominal value. Meanwhile, the reconstructed reactive power voltage droop control can reduce voltage amplitude deviation to a certain extent. A distributed secondary power optimization control is added to the reconstructed reactive power voltage droop control by using average system voltage. The average system voltage is obtained by using a consensus algorithm in a distributed, sparse communication network which is constituted by all controllers of DGs. As a result, accurate reactive power sharing is realized, average system voltage is kept at a nominal value, and all voltage amplitude deviations are further reduced. Due to the absence of a microgrid central controller, the reliability of the strategy is enhanced. Finally, the simulation results validate the proposed method. View Full-Text
Keywords: low-voltage microgrids; improved droop control; distributed secondary power optimization control; consensus algorithm; accurate reactive power sharing low-voltage microgrids; improved droop control; distributed secondary power optimization control; consensus algorithm; accurate reactive power sharing
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Li, D.; Zhao, B.; Wu, Z.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, L. An Improved Droop Control Strategy for Low-Voltage Microgrids Based on Distributed Secondary Power Optimization Control. Energies 2017, 10, 1347.

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