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Energies 2017, 10(8), 1166; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10081166

How Can China Achieve Its Nationally Determined Contribution Targets Combining Emissions Trading Scheme and Renewable Energy Policies?

1
,
2
and
3,4,*
1
School of Statistics and Management, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
3
Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
4
School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 6 July 2017 / Accepted: 7 July 2017 / Published: 8 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lessons from the Evaluation of Existing Emission Trading Schemes)
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Abstract

The adoption of emissions trading scheme (ETS) and renewable energy sources (RES) policies have been essential to achieving China’s national targets for reducing CO2 emissions and developing non-fossil energy sources. The combination of ETS and RES policies raises an important issue: What is the effect of combining ETS and RES policies on the existing carbon market and economy? Focusing on the design of the nationwide carbon market, this paper uses a multi-regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to analyze the economic impacts of ETS policy when combined with RES policies in China. The results show that China’s annual ETS emissions cap should decrease by 0.3% to maintain stable CO2 prices and achieve the targets in China’s intended nationally determined contribution (INDC). It is estimated that the CO2 price on the nationwide carbon market would decrease by 11–64% when the renewable energy subsidy rate increases from 20 to 100%, and the total trading volume would decrease by 3–25%. The results also show that the combination of an ETS and a feed-in tariff (FIT) results in greater GDP cost and welfare loss in all Chinese regions, increasing the total social cost by 0.01–0.06%. View Full-Text
Keywords: emissions trading scheme; renewable energy sources; multi-regional CGE model; CO2 price emissions trading scheme; renewable energy sources; multi-regional CGE model; CO2 price
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Wu, J.; Fan, Y.; Xia, Y. How Can China Achieve Its Nationally Determined Contribution Targets Combining Emissions Trading Scheme and Renewable Energy Policies? Energies 2017, 10, 1166.

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