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Energies 2017, 10(7), 1071; doi:10.3390/en10071071

Research on Capacitance Current Compensation Scheme of Current Differential Protection of Complex Four-Circuit Transmission Lines on the Same Tower

1,2,* , 1,2
and
1,2
1
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
2
Electric Power Security and High Efficiency Laboratory, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 June 2017 / Revised: 10 July 2017 / Accepted: 19 July 2017 / Published: 23 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

Current differential protection is the main protection of transmission lines which include multi-circuit lines on the same tower, and whose sensitivity and reliability of differential protection is mainly affected by the distributed capacitive current. For the four-circuit line on the same tower, due to the influence of coupling between the loop road, the distributed capacitance current increases significantly when compared with ordinary lines, affecting the sensitivity of the current differential protection, especially for different voltage levels throughout the four-circuit lines on the same tower. The relationship of the electrostatic coupling between the circuits is more complex, and increases the difficulty of the compensating the distributed capacitance current. This paper is based on the electrostatic coupling principle of four-circuit lines on the same tower, establishes the distributed parameter model of four-circuit transmission lines on the same tower, and discusses the effect of circuit operation mode on the compensation of capacitance current differential protection when different faults occur on the complex four-circuit transmission lines on the same tower. A new compensation scheme suitable for capacitive current compensation is proposed. Simulation results show that this capacitive current compensation scheme can effectively improve the performance of current differential protection. View Full-Text
Keywords: current differential protection; complex tower; operation mode; capacitance current compensation current differential protection; complex tower; operation mode; capacitance current compensation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, C.; Yin, X.; Zhang, Z. Research on Capacitance Current Compensation Scheme of Current Differential Protection of Complex Four-Circuit Transmission Lines on the Same Tower. Energies 2017, 10, 1071.

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