Analysis of Overlying Strata Movement and Behaviors in Caving and Solid Backfilling Mixed Coal Mining
AbstractBased on techniques of close upper protective coal-rock layer mining, relieved gas extraction, and underground gangue washing-discharging-backfilling, this paper initiates the concept of mixed fully-mechanized coal mining, which combines a solid backfilling method and a caving method (hereinafter referred to as “backfill and caving mixed mining”). After the principle and key techniques are introduced, a physical simulation experiment and a numerical simulation are used to study the characteristics of the overlying strata’s fracture development, the main roof subsidence, the stress field and its influence area in the transition area with the length ratios of the backfilling section and the caving section, and the advancing distance of the mixed longwall face. Thus, the lengths of the caving section and the backfilling section, the parameters of the support system in the transition section, and the design process of the mixed longwall face are presented. In practice, the mixed longwall face Ji15-31010 in Ping-dingshan No. 12 Colliery proves that the designed lengths of 120 m and 100 m for the backfilling section and the caving section, respectively, are appropriate. The monitoring results of the hydraulic support working resistance show that the supports were working well in general; the maximum growth height of the overlying strata fracture is 18 m; the gas drainage efficiency is up to 80% and the average gas concentration is 0.1 g/m3; a large quantity of gangue generated in the Ji14 seam is disposed underground; coal and gas are extracted simultaneously; and significant environmental and economic benefits are realized. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Huang, Y.; Zhang, J.; Yin, W.; Sun, Q. Analysis of Overlying Strata Movement and Behaviors in Caving and Solid Backfilling Mixed Coal Mining. Energies 2017, 10, 1057.
Huang Y, Zhang J, Yin W, Sun Q. Analysis of Overlying Strata Movement and Behaviors in Caving and Solid Backfilling Mixed Coal Mining. Energies. 2017; 10(7):1057.Chicago/Turabian Style
Huang, Yanli; Zhang, Jixiong; Yin, Wei; Sun, Qiang. 2017. "Analysis of Overlying Strata Movement and Behaviors in Caving and Solid Backfilling Mixed Coal Mining." Energies 10, no. 7: 1057.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.