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Energies 2017, 10(4), 563; doi:10.3390/en10040563

Jointed Surrounding Rock Mass Stability Analysis on an Underground Cavern in a Hydropower Station Based on the Extended Key Block Theory

1
School of Civil Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China
2
Geotechnical & Structural Engineering Research Center, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China
3
State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics & Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Moran Wang
Received: 2 March 2017 / Revised: 7 April 2017 / Accepted: 14 April 2017 / Published: 20 April 2017
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Abstract

The jointed surrounding rock mass stability is of utmost importance to integral stability during the construction and long-term safety operation of the underground caverns in hydropower stations. The key blocks play a significant role in the integral stability of the jointed surrounding rock mass, therefore it is critical to determine the location, size, and failure mode of random key blocks. This paper proposes an improved method combining the traditional key block theory (KBT) and the force transfer algorithm to accurately calculate the safety factors of probabilistic key blocks in the surrounding rock mass. The force transfer algorithm can consider the interactions between the internal blocks. After the probabilistic characteristics of the joint fissures are obtained, the stereographic projection method is employed to determine the locations of dangerous joints. Then the vector analysis method is used to search the random blocks, determine the sliding directions of random blocks, and calculate the block sizes and safety factors near the free surface of the underground cavern, which can be used to comprehensively evaluate the surrounding rock mass stability. The above numerical results have provided powerful guidance for developing a reinforcement system for the surrounding rock mass. View Full-Text
Keywords: key block theory (KBT); jointed rock mass; probability; force transmission algorithm; safety factor; rock mass reinforcement key block theory (KBT); jointed rock mass; probability; force transmission algorithm; safety factor; rock mass reinforcement
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jia, C.; Li, Y.; Lian, M.; Zhou, X. Jointed Surrounding Rock Mass Stability Analysis on an Underground Cavern in a Hydropower Station Based on the Extended Key Block Theory. Energies 2017, 10, 563.

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