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Energies 2017, 10(4), 527; doi:10.3390/en10040527

Experimental Investigation of Stress Rate and Grain Size on Gas Seepage Characteristics of Granular Coal

1,2,3,* , 2
,
3,4
and
2
1
School of Resources & Safety Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, Hunan, China
2
State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics & Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
3
GeoEnergy Research Centre (GERC), University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
4
British Geological Survey, Environmental Science Centre, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alireza Bahadori
Received: 19 February 2017 / Revised: 6 April 2017 / Accepted: 10 April 2017 / Published: 13 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oil and Gas Engineering)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6183 KB, uploaded 13 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Coal seam gas, held within the inner pores of unmineable coal, is an important energy resource. Gas release largely depends on the gas seepage characteristics and their evolution within granular coal. To monitor this evolution, a series of experiments were conducted to study the effects of applied compressive stress and original grain size distribution (GSD) on the variations in the gas seepage characteristics of granular coal samples. Grain crushing under higher stress rates was observed to be more intense. Isolated fractures in the larger diameter fractions transformed from self–extending to inter-connecting pathways at a critical compressive stress. Grain crushing was mainly caused by compression and high-speed impact. Based on the test results of the original GSD effect, the overall process of porosity and permeability evolution during compression can be divided into three different phases: (1) rapid reduction in the void ratio; (2) continued reduction in the void ratio and large particle crushing; and (3) continued crushing of large particles. Void size reduction and particle crushing were mainly attributed to the porosity and permeability decreases that occurred. The performance of an empirical model, for porosity and permeability evolution, was also investigated. The predictive results indicate that grain crushing caused permeability increases during compression, and that this appeared to be the main cause for the predictive values being lower than those obtained from the experimental tests. The predictive accuracy would be the same for samples under different stress rates and the lowest for the sample with the highest proportion of large grain diameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: gas permeability; granular coal; porosity; stress rate; grain size distribution; grain crushing gas permeability; granular coal; porosity; stress rate; grain size distribution; grain crushing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ma, D.; Li, Q.; Hall, M.R.; Wu, Y. Experimental Investigation of Stress Rate and Grain Size on Gas Seepage Characteristics of Granular Coal. Energies 2017, 10, 527.

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