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Energies 2017, 10(4), 429; doi:10.3390/en10040429

A Solar Energy Solution for Sustainable Third Generation Mobile Networks

Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sejong University, 209 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05006, Korea
Academic Editor: Andrei Jean Vasile
Received: 14 February 2017 / Revised: 20 March 2017 / Accepted: 21 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2279 KB, uploaded 24 March 2017]   |  


The energy consumption of cellular networks has become increasingly important to cellular network operators, due to the significant economic and ecological influence of these networks in the future. The development of alternative energy technologies has resulted in the consideration of a solar powered base station (BS) as a long-term solution for the mobile cellular network industry, to reduce the operational expenditures and CO2 footprints of cellular networks. This study addresses the deployment and operational issues of a solar powered universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS; a third generation mobile cellular system) BS (i.e., Node B) that is currently deployed (i.e., UMTS Node B 2/2/2 and UMTS Node B 4/4/4). In addition, this study employs a hybrid optimization model for an electric renewable software simulator developed by the American National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Four key aspects are discussed in this study: optimal solar system architecture, energy production, the cash flow of the solar powered UMTS Node B project, and the economic feasibility of a solar powered system compared with traditional sources. Simulation results show that the proposed solution ensures 100% energy autonomy and long-term energy balance for the UMTS Node B, with cost effectiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy consumption; green mobile networks; energy harvesting; power management; smart grid; solar energy; sustainable wireless networks energy consumption; green mobile networks; energy harvesting; power management; smart grid; solar energy; sustainable wireless networks

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Alsharif, M.H. A Solar Energy Solution for Sustainable Third Generation Mobile Networks. Energies 2017, 10, 429.

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