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Energies 2017, 10(4), 434; doi:10.3390/en10040434

A High-Efficiency Isolated-Type Three-Port Bidirectional DC/DC Converter for Photovoltaic Systems

Department of Electronic Engineering, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 824, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrés G. Muñoz
Received: 3 February 2017 / Revised: 17 March 2017 / Accepted: 22 March 2017 / Published: 25 March 2017

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel high-efficiency isolated three-port bidirectional DC/DC device for photovoltaic (PV) systems. The device contains a high step-up converter for PV modules to supply power to the DC bus, and a bidirectional charge/discharge control circuit for the battery with an improved boost-flyback converter. When the PV modules supply sufficient energy, their output can be stepped up and energy supply to the DC bus and charging of the battery can be achieved simultaneously. However, when the energy supplied is insufficient, the battery provides energy to the DC bus. When the proposed converter is operated in the step-down mode, the DC-blocking capacitor on the high-voltage side is used to reduce the voltage on the transformer and achieve high step-down performance. Moreover, to improve the overall efficiency of the system, the energy stored in the leakage inductance is recycled and supplied to the DC-blocking capacitor during operation in the step-up mode. Finally, to verify the feasibility and practicability of the proposed devices, a 500 W three-port bidirectional DC/DC devices was implemented. The highest efficiencies achieved for operation in different modes were as follows: high step-up mode for the PV modules, 95.2%; battery step-up mode, 94.2%; and step-down mode, 97.6%. View Full-Text
Keywords: isolated type; three-port bidirectional converter; photovoltaic systems isolated type; three-port bidirectional converter; photovoltaic systems
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, Y.-E.; Chiu, P.-N. A High-Efficiency Isolated-Type Three-Port Bidirectional DC/DC Converter for Photovoltaic Systems. Energies 2017, 10, 434.

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