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Energies 2017, 10(2), 231; doi:10.3390/en10020231

Exploring the Environment/Energy Pareto Optimal Front of an Office Room Using Computational Fluid Dynamics-Based Interactive Optimization Method

School of Electricity Information Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
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Academic Editor: Monjur Mourshed
Received: 21 December 2016 / Revised: 3 February 2017 / Accepted: 9 February 2017 / Published: 15 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zero-Carbon Buildings)
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Abstract

This paper is concerned with the development of a high-resolution and control-friendly optimization framework in enclosed environments that helps improve thermal comfort, indoor air quality (IAQ), and energy costs of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system simultaneously. A computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based optimization method which couples algorithms implemented in Matlab with CFD simulation is proposed. The key part of this method is a data interactive mechanism which efficiently passes parameters between CFD simulations and optimization functions. A two-person office room is modeled for the numerical optimization. The multi-objective evolutionary algorithm—non-dominated-and-crowding Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II)—is realized to explore the environment/energy Pareto front of the enclosed space. Performance analysis will demonstrate the effectiveness of the presented optimization method. View Full-Text
Keywords: data interactive mechanism; computational fluid dynamic (CFD) coupled optimization; non-dominated-and-crowding Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II); thermal comfort; energy saving data interactive mechanism; computational fluid dynamic (CFD) coupled optimization; non-dominated-and-crowding Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II); thermal comfort; energy saving
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, K.; Xue, W.; Liu, G. Exploring the Environment/Energy Pareto Optimal Front of an Office Room Using Computational Fluid Dynamics-Based Interactive Optimization Method. Energies 2017, 10, 231.

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