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Energies 2017, 10(2), 229; doi:10.3390/en10020229

Energy Contribution of OFMSW (Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste) to Energy-Environmental Sustainability in Urban Areas at Small Scale

1
Department of Sustainability Engineering—Università degli Studi Guglielmo Marconi, Via Plinio 44, 00193 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Architectural Engineering & Technology, Environmental & Computational Design Section, TU Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 134, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
3
Department of Astronautics Electrical Energy Engineering—Sapienza University of Rome, Via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xidong Wang
Received: 19 October 2016 / Revised: 3 February 2017 / Accepted: 9 February 2017 / Published: 15 February 2017
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Abstract

Urban waste management is one of the most challenging issues in energy planning of medium and large cities. In addition to the traditional landfill method, many studies are investigating energy harvesting from waste, not as a panacea but as a foreseeable solution. Thermo-chemical conversion to biogas, or even bio-methane under certain conditions, could be an option to address this challenge. This study focuses on municipal solid waste conversion to biogas as a local energy supply for the cities. Three urban models and their subdivision into urban areas were identified along with a typical Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) matrix for each urban area. Then, an energy analysis was carried out to provide an optimization map for an informed choice by urban policy-makers and stakeholders. The results highlighted how the urban context and its use could affect the opportunity to produce energy from waste or to convert it in fuel. So, in this case, sustainability means waste turning from a problem to a renewable resource. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sustainability; municipal solid waste; biogas; bioenergy; sensitivity analysis; environmental management; distributed generation; energy planning urban sustainability; municipal solid waste; biogas; bioenergy; sensitivity analysis; environmental management; distributed generation; energy planning
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Di Matteo, U.; Nastasi, B.; Albo, A.; Astiaso Garcia, D. Energy Contribution of OFMSW (Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste) to Energy-Environmental Sustainability in Urban Areas at Small Scale. Energies 2017, 10, 229.

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