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Energies 2017, 10(2), 227; doi:10.3390/en10020227

Effects of Increased Wind Power Generation on Mid-Norway’s Energy Balance under Climate Change: A Market Based Approach

1
Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IGE, F-38000 Grenoble, France
2
SINTEF Energy Research, 7465 Trondheim, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Lundmark
Received: 25 November 2016 / Revised: 17 January 2017 / Accepted: 8 February 2017 / Published: 15 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applied Energy System Modeling 2016)
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Abstract

Thanks to its huge water storage capacity, Norway has an excess of energy generation at annual scale, although significant regional disparity exists. On average, the Mid-Norway region has an energy deficit and needs to import more electricity than it exports. We show that this energy deficit can be reduced with an increase in wind generation and transmission line capacity, even in future climate scenarios where both mean annual temperature and precipitation are changed. For the considered scenarios, the deficit observed in winter disappears, i.e., when electricity consumption and prices are high. At the annual scale, the deficit behaviour depends more on future changes in precipitation. Another consequence of changes in wind production and transmission capacity is the modification of electricity exchanges with neighbouring regions which are also modified both in terms of average, variability and seasonality. View Full-Text
Keywords: variable renewable energy; wind; hydro; energy balance; energy market variable renewable energy; wind; hydro; energy balance; energy market
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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François, B.; Martino, S.; Tøfte, L.S.; Hingray, B.; Mo, B.; Creutin, J.-D. Effects of Increased Wind Power Generation on Mid-Norway’s Energy Balance under Climate Change: A Market Based Approach. Energies 2017, 10, 227.

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