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Energies 2017, 10(12), 2086; doi:10.3390/en10122086

Analysis of Heating Expenses in a Large Social Housing Stock Using Artificial Neural Networks

1
Economic Department, An-Najah National University, P.O. Box 7, Nablus, Palestine
2
Laboratoire de Génie Civil et géo-Environnement, Lille University, 59650 Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 26 November 2017 / Accepted: 28 November 2017 / Published: 8 December 2017
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Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of heating expenses in a large social housing stock in the North of France. An artificial neural network (ANN) approach is taken for the analysis of heating consumption data collected over four years in 84 social housing residences containing 13,179 dwellings that use collective heating. Analysis provides an understanding of the influence of both physical and socio-economic parameters on heating expenses and proposes a predictive model for these expenses. The model shows that the heating expenses are influenced by both the buildings’ physical parameters and social indicators. Concerning the physical parameters, the most important indicators are the area of the dwellings, followed by the building age and the DPE (energy performance diagnostic). The family size as well as tenant age and income have an important influence on heating expense. The model is then used for establishing a data-based strategy for social housing stock renovation. View Full-Text
Keywords: social housing; heating expenses; artificial neural network; income; energy performance diagnostic; savings; renovation social housing; heating expenses; artificial neural network; income; energy performance diagnostic; savings; renovation
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Zabada, S.; Shahrour, I. Analysis of Heating Expenses in a Large Social Housing Stock Using Artificial Neural Networks. Energies 2017, 10, 2086.

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