Design and Experiment of Nonlinear Observer with Adaptive Gains for Battery State of Charge Estimation
AbstractState of charge (SOC) is an important evaluation index for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) in electric vehicles (EVs). This paper proposes a nonlinear observer with a new adaptive gain structure for SOC estimation based on a second-order RC model. It is able to dynamically adjust the gains and obtain a better balance between convergence speed and estimation accuracy with less computational time. A sufficient condition is derived to guarantee the uniform asymptotic stability of the observer, and its robustness with respect to disturbances and uncertainties is analyzed with the help of input-to-state stability (ISS) theory. A selection guide of the observer gains in practical application is presented. The estimation accuracy and convergence rate of the observer are evaluated and compared with those of extended Kalman filter (EKF) based on multi-temperature datasets from two different types of LIB cells. The robustness against different disturbances and uncertainties that may appear in a real vehicle is validated and discussed in detail. The experimental results show that the proposed observer is capable of achieving better performance with less computational time in comparison to EKF for different types of LIB cells under various working conditions. The observer is also capable of estimating SOC accurately for real life conditions according to the validation results of datasets from a battery management system (BMS) in an EV battery pack. Furthermore, the observer is simple enough, and is suitable for implementation on embedded hardware for LIB cells of EVs. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Zhao, L.; Ji, G.; Liu, Z. Design and Experiment of Nonlinear Observer with Adaptive Gains for Battery State of Charge Estimation. Energies 2017, 10, 2046.
Zhao L, Ji G, Liu Z. Design and Experiment of Nonlinear Observer with Adaptive Gains for Battery State of Charge Estimation. Energies. 2017; 10(12):2046.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhao, Linhui; Ji, Guohuang; Liu, Zhiyuan. 2017. "Design and Experiment of Nonlinear Observer with Adaptive Gains for Battery State of Charge Estimation." Energies 10, no. 12: 2046.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.