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Energies 2017, 10(12), 1937; doi:10.3390/en10121937

Lithium-Sulfur Battery Technology Readiness and Applications—A Review

1
Advanced Vehicle Engineering Centre, Cranfield University, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, UK
2
OXIS Energy, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 September 2017 / Revised: 12 November 2017 / Accepted: 16 November 2017 / Published: 23 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Storage and Application)
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Abstract

Lithium Sulfur (Li-S) battery is generally considered as a promising technology where high energy density is required at different applications. Over the past decade, there has been an ever increasing volume of Li-S academic research spanning materials development, fundamental understanding and modelling, and application-based control algorithm development. In this study, the Li-S battery technology, its advantages and limitations from the fundamental perspective are firstly discussed. In the second part of this study, state-of-the-art Li-S cell modelling and state estimation techniques are reviewed with a focus on practical applications. The existing studies on Li-S cell equivalent-circuit-network modelling and state estimation techniques are then discussed. A number of challenges in control of Li-S battery are also explained such as the flat open-circuit-voltage curve and high sensitivity of Li-S cell’s behavior to temperature variation. In the last part of this study, current and future applications of Li-S battery are mentioned. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-sulfur battery; application; technology readiness; review lithium-sulfur battery; application; technology readiness; review
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Fotouhi, A.; Auger, D.J.; O’Neill, L.; Cleaver, T.; Walus, S. Lithium-Sulfur Battery Technology Readiness and Applications—A Review. Energies 2017, 10, 1937.

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