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Energies 2017, 10(10), 1446; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101446

A Dedicated Mixture Model for Clustering Smart Meter Data: Identification and Analysis of Electricity Consumption Behaviors

1
IRT SystemX, 8 Avenue de la Vauve, 91120 Palaiseau, Paris Saclay, France
2
IFSTTAR, 14-20 Boulevard Newton, 77420 Champs-sur-Marne, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 8 September 2017 / Accepted: 11 September 2017 / Published: 21 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

The large amount of data collected by smart meters is a valuable resource that can be used to better understand consumer behavior and optimize electricity consumption in cities. This paper presents an unsupervised classification approach for extracting typical consumption patterns from data generated by smart electric meters. The proposed approach is based on a constrained Gaussian mixture model whose parameters vary according to the day type (weekday, Saturday or Sunday). The proposed methodology is applied to a real dataset of Irish households collected by smart meters over one year. For each cluster, the model provides three consumption profiles that depend on the day type. In the first instance, the model is applied on the electricity consumption of users during one month to extract groups of consumers who exhibit similar consumption behaviors. The clustering results are then crossed with contextual variables available for the households to show the close links between electricity consumption and household socio-economic characteristics. At the second instance, the evolution of the consumer behavior from one month to another is assessed through variations of cluster sizes over time. The results show that the consumer behavior evolves over time depending on the contextual variables such as temperature fluctuations and calendar events. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart electric meters; electricity consumption behaviors; clustering; Gaussian mixture models; expectation and maximization smart electric meters; electricity consumption behaviors; clustering; Gaussian mixture models; expectation and maximization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Melzi, F.N.; Same, A.; Zayani, M.H.; Oukhellou, L. A Dedicated Mixture Model for Clustering Smart Meter Data: Identification and Analysis of Electricity Consumption Behaviors. Energies 2017, 10, 1446.

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