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Energies 2017, 10(1), 130; doi:10.3390/en10010130

An Improvement in Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil by Applying Thought Multi-Response Surface Methodology Using Desirability Functions

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of La Rioja, 26004 Logroño, La Rioja, Spain
2
Built Environment and Engineering, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds LS1 3HB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas E. Amidon
Received: 22 November 2016 / Revised: 11 January 2017 / Accepted: 13 January 2017 / Published: 21 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioenergy and Biofuel)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [978 KB, uploaded 21 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

The exhaustion of natural resources has increased petroleum prices and the environmental impact of oil has stimulated the search for an alternative source of energy such as biodiesel. Waste cooking oil is a potential replacement for vegetable oils in the production of biodiesel. Biodiesel is synthesized by direct transesterification of vegetable oils, which is controlled by several inputs or process variables, including the dosage of catalyst, process temperature, mixing speed, mixing time, humidity and impurities of waste cooking oil that was studied in this case. Yield, turbidity, density, viscosity and higher heating value are considered as outputs. This paper used multi-response surface methodology (MRS) with desirability functions to find the best combination of input variables used in the transesterification reactions to improve the production of biodiesel. In this case, several biodiesel optimization scenarios have been proposed. They are based on a desire to improve the biodiesel yield and the higher heating value, while decreasing the viscosity, density and turbidity. The results demonstrated that, although waste cooking oil was collected from various sources, the dosage of catalyst is one of the most important variables in the yield of biodiesel production, whereas the viscosity obtained was similar in all samples of the biodiesel that was studied. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiesel; waste cooking oil; catalysis; multi-response surface methodology biodiesel; waste cooking oil; catalysis; multi-response surface methodology
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Corral Bobadilla, M.; Lostado Lorza, R.; Escribano García, R.; Somovilla Gómez, F.; Vergara González, E.P. An Improvement in Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil by Applying Thought Multi-Response Surface Methodology Using Desirability Functions. Energies 2017, 10, 130.

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