Biofuel Impacts on World Food Supply: Use of Fossil Fuel, Land and Water Resources
AbstractThe rapidly growing world population and rising consumption of biofuels are increasing demand for both food and biofuels. This exaggerates both food and fuel shortages. Using food crops such as corn grain to produce ethanol raises major nutritional and ethical concerns. Nearly 60% of humans in the world are currently malnourished, so the need for grains and other basic foods is critical. Growing crops for fuel squanders land, water and energy resources vital for the production of food for human consumption. Using corn for ethanol increases the price of U.S. beef, chicken, pork, eggs, breads, cereals, and milk more than 10% to 30%.
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Pimentel, D.; Marklein, A.; Toth, M.A.; Karpoff, M.; Paul, G.S.; McCormack, R.; Kyriazis, J.; Krueger, T. Biofuel Impacts on World Food Supply: Use of Fossil Fuel, Land and Water Resources. Energies 2008, 1, 41-78.
Pimentel D, Marklein A, Toth MA, Karpoff M, Paul GS, McCormack R, Kyriazis J, Krueger T. Biofuel Impacts on World Food Supply: Use of Fossil Fuel, Land and Water Resources. Energies. 2008; 1(2):41-78.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pimentel, David; Marklein, Alison; Toth, Megan A.; Karpoff, Marissa; Paul, Gillian S.; McCormack, Robert; Kyriazis, Joanna; Krueger, Tim. 2008. "Biofuel Impacts on World Food Supply: Use of Fossil Fuel, Land and Water Resources." Energies 1, no. 2: 41-78.