J. Risk Financial Manag. 2012, 5(1), 78-114; doi:10.3390/jrfm5010078
Article

Modelling the Effects of Oil Prices on Global Fertilizer Prices and Volatility

1, 2,* email, 1 and 3email
Published: 31 December 2012
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of crude oil price on global fertilizer prices in both the mean and volatility. The endogenous structural breakpoint unit root test, ARDL model, and alternative volatility models, including GARCH, EGARCH, and GJR models, are used to investigate the relationship between crude oil price and six global fertilizer prices. The empirical results from ARDL show that most fertilizer prices are significantly affected by the crude oil price while the volatility of global fertilizer prices and crude oil price from March to December 2008 are higher than in other periods.
Keywords: fertilizer price; oil price; volatility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, P.-Y.; Chang, C.-L.; Chen, C.-C.; McAleer, M. Modelling the Effects of Oil Prices on Global Fertilizer Prices and Volatility. J. Risk Financial Manag. 2012, 5, 78-114.

AMA Style

Chen P-Y, Chang C-L, Chen C-C, McAleer M. Modelling the Effects of Oil Prices on Global Fertilizer Prices and Volatility. Journal of Risk and Financial Management. 2012; 5(1):78-114.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Ping-Yu; Chang, Chia-Lin; Chen, Chi-Chung; McAleer, Michael. 2012. "Modelling the Effects of Oil Prices on Global Fertilizer Prices and Volatility." J. Risk Financial Manag. 5, no. 1: 78-114.

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