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Modelling the Effects of Oil Prices on Global Fertilizer Prices and Volatility
Department of Applied Economics, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan
Department of Applied Economics, Department of Finance, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan
Econometric Institute, Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: ; Accepted: / Published: 31 December 2012
Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of crude oil price on global fertilizer prices in both the mean and volatility. The endogenous structural breakpoint unit root test, ARDL model, and alternative volatility models, including GARCH, EGARCH, and GJR models, are used to investigate the relationship between crude oil price and six global fertilizer prices. The empirical results from ARDL show that most fertilizer prices are significantly affected by the crude oil price while the volatility of global fertilizer prices and crude oil price from March to December 2008 are higher than in other periods.
Keywords: fertilizer price; oil price; volatility
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Chen, P.-Y.; Chang, C.-L.; Chen, C.-C.; McAleer, M. Modelling the Effects of Oil Prices on Global Fertilizer Prices and Volatility. J. Risk Financial Manag. 2012, 5, 78-114.
Chen P-Y, Chang C-L, Chen C-C, McAleer M. Modelling the Effects of Oil Prices on Global Fertilizer Prices and Volatility. Journal of Risk and Financial Management. 2012; 5(1):78-114.
Chen, Ping-Yu; Chang, Chia-Lin; Chen, Chi-Chung; McAleer, Michael. 2012. "Modelling the Effects of Oil Prices on Global Fertilizer Prices and Volatility." J. Risk Financial Manag. 5, no. 1: 78-114.