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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(6), 2447-2469; doi:10.3390/ijerph8062447

A Comparison of HWRF, ARW and NMM Models in Hurricane Katrina (2005) Simulation

* ,
Trent Lott Geospatial Visualization Research Center, Jackson State University, 1230 Raymond Road, Jackson, MS 39204, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2010 / Revised: 15 January 2011 / Accepted: 28 January 2011 / Published: 23 June 2011
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The life cycle of Hurricane Katrina (2005) was simulated using three different modeling systems of Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) mesoscale model. These are, HWRF (Hurricane WRF) designed specifically for hurricane studies and WRF model with two different dynamic cores as the Advanced Research WRF (ARW) model and the Non-hydrostatic Mesoscale Model (NMM). The WRF model was developed and sourced from National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), incorporating the advances in atmospheric simulation system suitable for a broad range of applications. The HWRF modeling system was developed at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) based on the NMM dynamic core and the physical parameterization schemes specially designed for tropics. A case study of Hurricane Katrina was chosen as it is one of the intense hurricanes that caused severe destruction along the Gulf Coast from central Florida to Texas. ARW, NMM and HWRF models were designed to have two-way interactive nested domains with 27 and 9 km resolutions. The three different models used in this study were integrated for three days starting from 0000 UTC of 27 August 2005 to capture the landfall of hurricane Katrina on 29 August. The initial and time varying lateral boundary conditions were taken from NCEP global FNL (final analysis) data available at 1 degree resolution for ARW and NMM models and from NCEP GFS data at 0.5 degree resolution for HWRF model. The results show that the models simulated the intensification of Hurricane Katrina and the landfall on 29 August 2005 agreeing with the observations. Results from these experiments highlight the superior performance of HWRF model over ARW and NMM models in predicting the track and intensification of Hurricane Katrina.
Keywords: hurricanes; prediction; numerical models; WRF hurricanes; prediction; numerical models; WRF
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Dodla, V.B.; Desamsetti, S.; Yerramilli, A. A Comparison of HWRF, ARW and NMM Models in Hurricane Katrina (2005) Simulation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 2447-2469.

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