Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(2), 590-612; doi:10.3390/ijerph8020590
Review

Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies

1,†email, 1,†email, 2,†email and 1,†,* email
Received: 1 January 2011; in revised form: 26 January 2011 / Accepted: 10 February 2011 / Published: 23 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Malnutrition and Public Health)
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Abstract: Malnutrition continues to be recognized as the most common and serious form of children’s dietary disease in the developing countries and is one of the principal factors affecting brain development. The purpose of this paper is to review human and animal studies relating malnutrition to cognitive development, focusing in correlational and interventional data, and to provide a discussion of possible mechanisms by which malnutrition affects cognition.
Keywords: malnutrition; development; protein deprivation; cognition; environment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Laus, M.F.; Duarte Manhas Ferreira Vales, L.; Braga Costa, T.M.; Sousa Almeida, S. Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 590-612.

AMA Style

Laus MF, Duarte Manhas Ferreira Vales L, Braga Costa TM, Sousa Almeida S. Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(2):590-612.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laus, Maria Fernanda; Duarte Manhas Ferreira Vales, Lucas; Braga Costa, Telma Maria; Sousa Almeida, Sebastião. 2011. "Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 2: 590-612.


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