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Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies
Laboratory of Nutrition and Behavior, Department of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
Nutrition Course, University of Ribeirão Preto, Av. Costábile Romano, 2.201, Bloco U, 14096-900, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
The authors contributed equally to the study.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2011; in revised form: 26 January 2011 / Accepted: 10 February 2011 / Published: 23 February 2011
Abstract: Malnutrition continues to be recognized as the most common and serious form of children’s dietary disease in the developing countries and is one of the principal factors affecting brain development. The purpose of this paper is to review human and animal studies relating malnutrition to cognitive development, focusing in correlational and interventional data, and to provide a discussion of possible mechanisms by which malnutrition affects cognition.
Keywords: malnutrition; development; protein deprivation; cognition; environment
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MDPI and ACS Style
Laus, M.F.; Duarte Manhas Ferreira Vales, L.; Braga Costa, T.M.; Sousa Almeida, S. Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 590-612.
Laus MF, Duarte Manhas Ferreira Vales L, Braga Costa TM, Sousa Almeida S. Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(2):590-612.
Laus, Maria Fernanda; Duarte Manhas Ferreira Vales, Lucas; Braga Costa, Telma Maria; Sousa Almeida, Sebastião. 2011. "Early Postnatal Protein-Calorie Malnutrition and Cognition: A Review of Human and Animal Studies." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 2: 590-612.