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Overweight and Obesity and Associated Factors among School-Aged Adolescents in Ghana and Uganda
HIV/AIDS/STI/and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, P/B X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa
Department of Health System Management and Policy, University of Limpopo, PO Box 197, Medunsa 0204, South Africa
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2011; in revised form: 23 September 2011 / Accepted: 26 September 2011 / Published: 28 September 2011
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess overweight and obesity and associated factors in school-going adolescents in low income African countries (Ghana, Uganda). The total sample included 5,613 school children aged 13 to 15 years from nationally representative samples from two African countries. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted to assess the relationship between dietary behavior, substance use, physical activity, psychosocial factors and overweight or obesity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was determined based on self-reported height and weight and the international child body mass index standards. Results indicate a prevalence of overweight or obesity of 10.4% among girls and 3.2% among boys, and 0.9% and 0.5% obesity only among girls and boys, respectively. Among girls smoking cigarettes and loneliness and among boys smoking cigarettes were found to be associated with overweight or obesity in multivariable analysis. Overweight status was not associated with the intake of fruits, vegetables, and sedentary behavior. Low prevalence rates of overweight or obesity were found in Ghana and Uganda. Smoking cessation and social programs could be integrated into strategies to prevent and treat overweight and obesity in youth.
Keywords: overweight; obesity; global school-based health survey; dietary behavior; physical activity; sedentary behavior; psychosocial factors; Ghana; Uganda
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Peltzer, K.; Pengpid, S. Overweight and Obesity and Associated Factors among School-Aged Adolescents in Ghana and Uganda. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 3859-3870.
Peltzer K, Pengpid S. Overweight and Obesity and Associated Factors among School-Aged Adolescents in Ghana and Uganda. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(10):3859-3870.
Peltzer, Karl; Pengpid, Supa. 2011. "Overweight and Obesity and Associated Factors among School-Aged Adolescents in Ghana and Uganda." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 10: 3859-3870.