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International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO)
UCSF, Program on Reproductive Health and Environment, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
National Center for Health Statistics/CDC, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
Health Effects Institute, Boston, MA 02110, USA
Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
IRAS, Utrecht University, Utrecht, 3508 TD, The Netherlands
Newcastle University, Newcastle, NE2 4AX, UK
Ewha Womans University, Seoul 158-710, Korea
University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
Inserm, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U823 Institut Albert Bonniot, Avenir Team “Environmental Epidemiology Applied to Fecundity and Reproduction”, Grenoble, La Tronche, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 April 2010; in revised form: 26 May 2010 / Accepted: 27 May 2010 / Published: 17 June 2010
Abstract: Reviews find a likely adverse effect of air pollution on perinatal outcomes, but variation of findings hinders the ability to incorporate the research into policy. The International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO) was formed to better understand relationships between air pollution and adverse birth outcomes through standardized parallel analyses in datasets from different countries. A planning group with 10 members from 6 countries was formed to coordinate the project. Collaboration participants have datasets with air pollution values and birth outcomes. Eighteen research groups with data for approximately 20 locations in Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America are participating, with most participating in an initial pilot study. Datasets generally cover the 1990s. Number of births is generally in the hundreds of thousands, but ranges from around 1,000 to about one million. Almost all participants have some measure of particulate matter, and most have ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. Strong enthusiasm for participating and a geographically-diverse range of participants should lead to understanding uncertainties about the role of air pollution in perinatal outcomes and provide decision-makers with better tools to account for pregnancy outcomes in air pollution policies.
Keywords: air pollution; pregnancy outcomes; low birthweight; preterm birth; particulate matter; ozone; carbon monoxide
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Woodruff, T.J.; Parker, J.D.; Adams, K.; Bell, M.L.; Gehring, U.; Glinianaia, S.; Ha, E.-H.; Jalaludin, B.; Slama, R. International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2638-2652.
Woodruff TJ, Parker JD, Adams K, Bell ML, Gehring U, Glinianaia S, Ha E-H, Jalaludin B, Slama R. International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(6):2638-2652.
Woodruff, Tracey J.; Parker, Jennifer D.; Adams, Kate; Bell, Michelle L.; Gehring, Ulrike; Glinianaia, Svetlana; Ha, Eun-Hee; Jalaludin, Bin; Slama, Rémy. 2010. "International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO)." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 6: 2638-2652.