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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(9), 2375-2386; doi:10.3390/ijerph6092375
Article

A U.S. Partnership with India and Poland to Track Acute Chemical Releases to Serve Public Health

1,* , 1
,
2
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3,#
 and
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1 Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 4770 Buford Highway, MS F57, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA 2 Scientific Information Department, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, 8 Sw.Teresy Street, 91-348 Lodz, Poland 3 National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380016 India 4 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 4770 Buford Highway, MS F62, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA # Current affiliation: Center for Education, Awareness and Research on Chemicals and Health (CEARCH), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380013 India.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 July 2009 / Accepted: 28 August 2009 / Published: 3 September 2009
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Abstract

We describe a collaborative effort between the U.S., India, and Poland to track acute chemical releases during 2005-2007. In all three countries, fixed facility events were more common than transportation-related events; manufacturing and transportation/ warehousing were the most frequently involved industries; and equipment failure and human error were the primary contributing factors. The most commonly released non-petroleum substances were ammonia (India), carbon monoxide (U.S.) and mercury (Poland). More events in India (54%) resulted in victims compared with Poland (15%) and the U.S. (9%). The pilot program showed it is possible to successfully conduct international surveillance of acute hazardous substances releases with careful interpretation of the findings.
Keywords: chemical surveillance; chemical release; public health chemical surveillance; chemical release; public health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Ruckart, P.Z.; Orr, M.; Pałaszewska-Tkacz, A.; Dewan, A.; Kapil, V. A U.S. Partnership with India and Poland to Track Acute Chemical Releases to Serve Public Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2375-2386.

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