Abstract: We describe a collaborative effort between the U.S., India, and Poland to track acute chemical releases during 2005-2007. In all three countries, fixed facility events were more common than transportation-related events; manufacturing and transportation/ warehousing were the most frequently involved industries; and equipment failure and human error were the primary contributing factors. The most commonly released non-petroleum substances were ammonia (India), carbon monoxide (U.S.) and mercury (Poland). More events in India (54%) resulted in victims compared with Poland (15%) and the U.S. (9%). The pilot program showed it is possible to successfully conduct international surveillance of acute hazardous substances releases with careful interpretation of the findings.
Keywords: chemical surveillance; chemical release; public health
This is an open access article distributed under the
Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution,
and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Export to BibTeX
MDPI and ACS Style
Ruckart, P.Z.; Orr, M.; Pałaszewska-Tkacz, A.; Dewan, A.; Kapil, V. A U.S. Partnership with India and Poland to Track Acute Chemical Releases to Serve Public Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2375-2386.
Ruckart PZ, Orr M, Pałaszewska-Tkacz A, Dewan A, Kapil V. A U.S. Partnership with India and Poland to Track Acute Chemical Releases to Serve Public Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(9):2375-2386.
Ruckart, Perri Z.; Orr, Maureen; Pałaszewska-Tkacz, Anna; Dewan, Aruna; Kapil, Vikas. 2009. "A U.S. Partnership with India and Poland to Track Acute Chemical Releases to Serve Public Health." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 9: 2375-2386.