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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(9), 2375-2386; doi:10.3390/ijerph6092375
Article

A U.S. Partnership with India and Poland to Track Acute Chemical Releases to Serve Public Health

1,* , 1
, 2
, 3,#
 and 4
1 Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 4770 Buford Highway, MS F57, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA 2 Scientific Information Department, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, 8 Sw.Teresy Street, 91-348 Lodz, Poland 3 National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380016 India 4 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 4770 Buford Highway, MS F62, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA # Current affiliation: Center for Education, Awareness and Research on Chemicals and Health (CEARCH), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380013 India.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 July 2009 / Accepted: 28 August 2009 / Published: 3 September 2009
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Abstract

We describe a collaborative effort between the U.S., India, and Poland to track acute chemical releases during 2005-2007. In all three countries, fixed facility events were more common than transportation-related events; manufacturing and transportation/ warehousing were the most frequently involved industries; and equipment failure and human error were the primary contributing factors. The most commonly released non-petroleum substances were ammonia (India), carbon monoxide (U.S.) and mercury (Poland). More events in India (54%) resulted in victims compared with Poland (15%) and the U.S. (9%). The pilot program showed it is possible to successfully conduct international surveillance of acute hazardous substances releases with careful interpretation of the findings.
Keywords: chemical surveillance; chemical release; public health chemical surveillance; chemical release; public health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Ruckart, P.Z.; Orr, M.; Pałaszewska-Tkacz, A.; Dewan, A.; Kapil, V. A U.S. Partnership with India and Poland to Track Acute Chemical Releases to Serve Public Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2375-2386.

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